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The draft law on TORs passed "zero reading" for the first time in history
Alexander Galushka, Minister of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East, took part in the discussion of the draft law “On the territories of advanced social and economic development of the Russian Federation”.
The bill was discussed at the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation. Previously, the draft law was agreed with 18 federal executive bodies, supported by the heads of all subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District, was substantively discussed at venues of different levels: from meetings between the President and the Prime Minister, national forums to local business forums and business associations in the Far East.
The draft law on TOR was the first document discussed in the framework of the “zero reading” procedure introduced by 2 in August of the Federal Law “On the Basics of Public Control in the Russian Federation”.
“Today's“ zero reading ”is a continuation of the broad public discussion on the draft law, which was conducted at various sites at the federal and regional levels. If we talk about the bill itself, the legal community is called innovative revolutionary - in my opinion, there is nothing revolutionary in it. We are not reinventing the wheel, we are using a practice that has already proven its effectiveness: creating infrastructure, facilitating the conditions for starting a business, tax incentives attract investors and stimulate the development of the region. It is obvious to everyone that the challenge in the Far East is the international competition of jurisdictions. Russia is losing this competition today, ”said Alexander Galushka in his opening remarks.
The Minister noted that the President of Russia Vladimir Putin, having determined the development of the Far East as a priority task for the entire 21st century, commissioned the creation of a network of territories for outrunning socio-economic development. At the same time, these territories should be competitive with the key centers of the Asia-Pacific region. During the discussion, various positions were expressed.
The mayor of Yakutsk, Aisen Nikolaev, emphasized the attention of listeners to the fact that non-standard solutions are needed for the development of the Far East: “The development goals of the Far East cannot be achieved in a standard way. Today I would like to express my gratitude to Yury Petrovich Trutnev, Minister Alexander Sergeyevich Galushka for having such a draft law on TOP. Their creation will be a driver for the development of both our republic and the entire Far East. ”
Member of the General and Coordination Councils of Business Russia, Director General of OOO Fabrikant.ru Sergey Gabestro criticized the Public Chamber's thesis: "This is a misconception that companies prefer foreign labor - business is interested in skilled workforce, it is necessary to create on them demand - there will be a proposal. "
Gabestro also believes that the administration of the TOR should be separated from the municipal and executive bodies in the field, since the local authorities have already proved their inefficiency in business development issues. In doing so, he proposes to develop performance indicators for the new administration, which would provide for an incentive system, so that "officials would benefit from earning, not stealing."
Evgeny Voilov, Vice-President of TechnoNICOL CJSC, added that his company is ready to invest in the Far East precisely in the conditions of the territories of advanced social and economic development: "The conditions that the TOR offers allow us to reach us for an acceptable payback period of projects. Moreover, there are opportunities for exports to China. The bill under discussion is the first step, but a decisive step. "
Igor Polchenko, General Director of Transit-DV, noted that the creation of the TOP in the Far East is combined with the promising development of the Northern Sea Route: “The TOP is a steam locomotive that will take us to the world level”.
The main concerns among members of the public arise from several points, including the impact of TOPs on small and medium-sized businesses in the regions and migration flows that can go to the Far East from nearby countries. In the opinion of Alexander Galushka, issues related to the conditions of conducting small and medium-sized business in the neighborhood with TOPs are contrived.
"As soon as we turn to the discussion of specific projects of the territories of advanced development, when we ask a specific question to a specific businessman: what problem he personally creates for you - problems like smoke disappear," said Galushka. The Minister stressed that the TORs will create demand for a small business amounting to approximately 150 billion rubles a year, and this demand will be met by local suppliers.
Director for Development of Agrotech Holding Vladimir Rubakhin, representing Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, confirmed the Minister's words and expressed the position of the small business he faced in his region: "We did not hear a single vote against in the small business environment. Because the authorities meaningfully approached the formation of the territory of advanced development. Our business understands how they can make money by investing in TOP, including by fulfilling orders for new large companies for the region. "
With regard to attracting foreign labor, the Minister for the Development of the Far East responded that jobs are created primarily for the Far East, secondarily for citizens of the Russian Federation, thirdly for people with the same identity, said Alexander Galushka.