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WWF: salmon spawning grounds on the Amur are empty
WWF-Russia announced the problem of empty salmon spawning grounds on the Amur. The situation was analyzed at the International Scientific Conference "Regions of New Development: the Current State of Natural Complexes and Their Protection". Scientists and the public discussed issues of the territories of the Far Eastern Federal District and neighboring states of the Amur basin, including those related to the environmental aspects of their development.
According to IAA EastRussia in the press service of WWF Russia in the Amur Region, about 100 reports were presented at the conference from participants from Khabarovsk, Irkutsk, Vladivostok, Chita, Birobidzhan, Moscow and remotely from Mongolia and China.
Olga Cheblukova, PA Project Coordinator of the Amur Branch of WWF RF, noted that public monitoring in the Khabarovsk Territory confirmed the critically low filling of spawning grounds on the main spawning tributaries of the Amur over the past four years.
“Due to unreasonably high quotas, fishermen in the mouth of the Amur run the risk of catching that part of the autumn chum salmon every year that needs to be passed to spawning grounds. Even the restrictions on fishing, which began to be introduced in 2018, do not significantly change the situation. It is likely that if the previous trends continue, in the near future it will be necessary to introduce a permanent ban not only on catching summer, but also autumn chum salmon. Otherwise Cupid, people and animals eating salmon will be left without fish, ”she is sure.
To preserve the wild populations of the Amur chum salmon, WWF-Russia proposed introducing a ban on commercial fishing of summer and autumn chum salmon in the Amur and Amur estuary for at least four years. It was also proposed to introduce a state ecological expertise with the participation of public organizations to assess the catch quotas. Ecologists declared the need to create fishery protected areas in important areas of the main spawning tributaries.
The Fund's proposals are included in the resolution and sent to the Federal Agency for Fishery.