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Salmon catches up 17% in 2021
During a working visit to the Far East of the head of the Federal Agency for Fisheries Ilya Shestakov, a meeting was held on the issues of fishing for Pacific salmon. At the end of the year, the catch increased by 17%.
As EastRussia was informed at VNIRO, Putin's optimistic expectations were justified. According to the director of VNIRO Kirill Kolonchin, the actual catch amounted to 539 thousand tons, which is 17% higher than forecasts. With such volumes, 2021 came in third place in terms of salmon production. 2018 remained the best year (678 thousand tonnes), followed by 2009 (542 thousand tonnes).
At the same time, the catch structure remained the same. Pink salmon accounted for 79% of the total, compared with the forecast, the volume was 32% more. Quotas for sockeye salmon were used by 98%, chum salmon - by 80%, coho salmon - by 74%.
To improve the forecast, this year scientists conducted the "Salmon-2021" expedition. Trawl surveys of salmon migration in the Bering Sea and from the Sea of Okhotsk near the Kuriles were carried out.
To improve the quality of operational forecasts, in 2021, the program of marine expeditionary research "Losos-2021" was prepared and implemented, observation posts were installed on the rivers. The survey confirmed the high abundance of pink salmon.
At the same time, the volume of catch of some species, according to scientists, is observed due to a decrease in the body weight of individuals. In particular, due to the warming of the waters in the ocean, sockeye salmon lose up to 20% of their body weight. VNIRO plans to continue observing and researching this phenomenon.