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The development of human capital was discussed in Vladivostok
A number of investment projects are being implemented in the Far East, the need for labor in them is 39 thousand people, reported at the conference "Development of human capital in the Far East", held in Vladivostok 14-15 April, Deputy Minister for Development of the Far East Alexander Osipov.
Osipov cited data from a study that was conducted before the conference. According to its results, there are three components that make people feel satisfied with their jobs - they are good wages, career prospects, and how interesting the job is. "Behind the brackets" of these reasons, there is another important component - the comfort of the environment in which a person lives. Satisfaction of these needs, according to him, should become one of the main goals in the implementation of investment projects, the construction of ASEZs and other changes taking place in the Far East. As an example, he cited the project of the free port of Vladivostok being developed now.
"In this part Free port of Vladivostok - this is, first of all, the solution of such issues of the main industries in the south of Primorsky Krai and Vladivostok. It is imperative that there are as many good jobs that meet these requirements. It is necessary to create conditions so that the basic industries of Primorye could develop so much as to provide the residents of the region with high-paid, good, modern work, ”Osipov said.
According to him, the latest version of the project has not undergone significant conceptual changes.
“The question is how are we going to solve this,” said Osipov. - Free port - the territories of the south of Primorsky Krai, primarily the port territories, the city of Vladivostok, the airport, dry ports, where we intend to create favorable conditions for the implementation of the most important activities for these types of business, competitive with our partners from the Asia-Pacific countries. Convenient, non-discriminatory accelerated procedures, minimum types of control, maximum conditions for investing in them as much as possible, and the highest possible labor productivity ”.
The second, no less important component of the free port project will be a visa-free entry procedure for tourists and businessmen; in the current version of the draft, this period is 7 days. It is also planned to introduce an open skies regime for Vladivostok airport in order to turn it into a transport hub capable of competing with large, including Asian, “colleagues” transport hubs. In addition, on the territory of the free port, in which the authors of the project intend to include 12 municipalities in the south Primorye, it is planned to introduce a special simplified tax regime.
“We have also provided for the use of a free customs zone there in order to simplify as much as possible all operations with goods and the possibility of processing both available raw materials and imported components, using cheap electricity, resources to produce products,” Osipov said, “and the possibility of using the best practices of border and customs , phytosanitary. We are quite close to the Korean experience, the Singaporean experience, and the experience of the best territories in China. "
“We discussed specific mechanisms that exist today at the federal and regional levels, tried to convey to colleagues employers and investors how to use them, tried to coordinate the work of federal, regional and municipal authorities to meet this demand and use these support measures. Most of these support measures require the joint participation of both the federal government and regional authorities, ”Osipov said, summing up the results of the plenary session of the conference.
Vacant jobs it is planned to be replaced primarily by residents of the Far East, however, since the labor resources are likely to be insufficient, the authorities and employers will have to attract workers from other regions of the country. The all-Russian base of vacancies and additional support from the federal budget for employers who attract employees from other regions of the country to the Far East should help in this. They are not afraid of power and attraction of foreigners to free work places. As noted Osipov, migrants, as a rule, are attracted to low-skilled work that does not require special knowledge and high pay.