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Chinese authorities recognized the fact of large-scale pollution of agricultural lands of the country
According to the study, almost one fifth of China’s arable land is contaminated.
According to Xinhua News Agency, the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the PRC together with the Ministry of Land and Natural Resources of the PRC published a report on the state of soil and arable land pollution in the country.
The report is based on the results of a study of a territory with a total area of 6,3 million square meters. km, which was conducted from April 2005 to December 2013. Officials noted that the overall results of the study are “disappointing”. According to the report, approximately 16% of China's soil and 19,4% of arable land are seriously polluted. The main source of pollution is inorganic substances such as heavy metals.
The main factor of pollution is the by-products of industrial activities in industry and agriculture.
In addition to arable land and soil conditions, the report also noted forest contamination: about 10% of forest areas in China are polluted. 82,8% of total contamination caused by inorganic substances. Among them, 3 most common are cadmium, nickel and arsenic.
Compared with the results of a study conducted in 1986 - 1990, the level of contamination with inorganic substances has increased markedly. Thus, the level of contamination with cadmium and its compounds increased by 50% in southwestern and coastal areas of China and by the amount from 10 to 40% in other parts of the country.
In southern China, on average, markedly higher levels of pollution are observed than in northern areas. High levels of pollution are noted in three large industrial zones of the People's Republic of China: the delta. The Yellow River in East China, the Pearl River Delta in South China, and the northeastern part of the country, which at one time was a major industrial center.
The topic of severe pollution from China's booming economic growth has been the subject of much speculation for many years. For a long time, the Chinese authorities refused to publish data on the pollution of the country's territories, claiming that this information represents "state secrets."
The published report is actually the first time in the modern history of China sheds light on the situation with the pollution of soil and land in the country.
Environmental pollution in China has recently been increasingly discussed both in the media and at the government level.
Strong smog has already become an integral part of life in many cities of the country. Pollution of arable land potentially represents another serious problem for China, as it threatens the country's food security.