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During 10 years, key habitats of the Amur tiger in the river basin will be taken under federal protection. Bikin - Donskoy
By 2025, the area of Russia's reserves will grow by an additional 12 million hectares, Russian Minister of Natural Resources Sergei Donskoy said at the closing of the World Congress on Specially Protected Natural Territories in Sydney, Australia.
According to S. Donsky, in the next 10 years, the total area of federal PAs in Russia will increase by 22% due to the creation of 27 new federal reserves and an increase in the territory of 12 existing ones. Now in Russia there are 103 nature reserves, 47 national parks and 68 federal reserves with an area of 596 thousand square meters. km, which in area exceeds the territory of the largest European state - France. The system of federal PAs occupies almost 3% of the territory of Russia, in PAs of all categories - 11%, the press service of the Ministry of Natural Resources said.
As S. Donskoy noted, the creation and development of specially protected natural territories (PAs) is among the main priorities of the state policy in the field of environmental protection, which is formulated within the framework of the Ecological Doctrine of Russia.
During 10 years, key habitats of the Amur tiger in the r. Bikin (Primorsky Krai), polar bear in the New Siberian Islands. In the next decade, Russia also intends to increase the area of marine protected areas to 17 million hectares.
S.Donskoy also said that the protected areas of Russia will continue the implementation of a number of projects for the conservation of rare animal species. Among them is a project to restore the population of the Persian leopard in the Western Caucasus. As part of the program for the conservation of the Far Eastern leopard in the south of the Far East, over 10 years its number will grow by 60% and will be at least 100 individuals. In the reserves of the Volga region and the Caucasus, 2 new bison groupings will be created, while the total number of free-living bison will approach 2000 individuals.
The head of the Russian delegation also emphasized the need to develop international cooperation: "I consider it necessary in the next decade to actively use such mechanisms as cross-border reserves, twin parks, exchange of innovative experience, joint scientific and educational projects." In this regard, he proposed to supplement the draft concluding documents of the Congress with the requirement to pay special attention to the creation and maintenance of sustainable operation of transboundary protected areas in order to preserve biological diversity in areas adjacent to the borders of states.
The Director-General of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Julia Marton-Lefevre, expressed interest in increasing the number of IUCN member organizations from Russia, taking into account the significance of Russia's natural territories for preserving the world's natural heritage. S.Donskoy supported such a proposal and said that the new members of the IUCN, in particular, could be the Association of Directors of Russian Nature Reserves and National Parks.
Vsevolod Stepanitsky, Deputy Director of the Department for Public Policy and Regulation in the Environment of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia, said: "Following the results of our participation in the Congress, we concluded for ourselves that Russia needs to concentrate its efforts on integrating the PAs' activities into the social and economic development of regions and the country in whole. Special attention in the next decade should be given to the conservation of marine ecosystems and the creation of marine protected areas. "
According to him, it is necessary to develop relations with the population living in the PAs and in close proximity to them, on the basis of mutually beneficial cooperation. The scientific and information potential of PAs should be used to develop recommendations for adaptation to climate change and reduce the negative consequences of such processes.
“For the first time in many years, Russia was adequately represented at such a significant and large-scale environmental forum. We felt a great interest in the environmental activities of our country, felt the support of the international community and made sure that we are keeping abreast of world trends and can successfully share our experience with other countries, ”said V. Stephanitsky.
The main organizer of the Sixth World Congress on Protected Areas (IUCN World ParksCongress) is the World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The congress was held from 12 to 19 in November 2014 in Sydney, (Australia). Earlier, the congress was hosted by South Africa - in 2003 and Venezuela in 1992.