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The Federation Council discussed the rights of indigenous residents of the North, Siberia and the Far East
Today, the Federation Council held parliamentary hearings on the topic "On the problems and prospects of improving federal legislation on territories of traditional nature management of the indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation."
The aim of these hearings is to work out proposals for improving the legislation on the territories of traditional nature management of the indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation.
The parliamentary hearings were attended by specialized committees of both chambers of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, representatives of federal executive bodies, public and scientific organizations.
At present, a fairly broad legislative base has been formed. This is the Constitution of the Russian Federation, where the rights of minority peoples are guaranteed, as well as federal and other special laws on the rights of indigenous minorities.
Nevertheless, it is noted that there are a lot of contradictions between the laws. There is no clear delineation of the powers to manage the territories of traditional nature management between federal and regional authorities. Legislation is either controversial or incomplete.
In accordance with the law, as well as the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 22 of April 1992, “On urgent measures to protect the places of residence and economic activity of small peoples of the North” in a number of regions (Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Khabarovsk Territory, Amur Region, Nenets and Khanty The Mansi Autonomous Okrug) adopted regional laws on territories of traditional use (CCI). At the same time, such territories were created only in the Khabarovsk Territory from the Far Eastern regions.
It was noted that the inconsistency of the provisions of the law on Chambers of Commerce and Industry with the norm of the Land Code of the Russian Federation, which provides for the approval of the boundaries of traditional environmental management areas by the Russian government, creates additional obstacles for legal registration of traditional environmental management areas of regional and local importance.
In this regard, the participants in the hearings consider that it is necessary to prepare amendments to the law on CCI and to prescribe in them that these territories can not be alienated from the population living on them. The law should clearly define the powers to manage the CCI between federal and regional authorities. In addition, it is necessary to ensure that these territories can be created on lands of any categories.
As the deputy head of presidential administration of the Russian Federation Magomedov Magomedsalam noted, the problem of indigenous peoples is a priority direction of state policy. Most of the support is carried out at the regional level. For example, the provision of subsidies for housing.
“It is very important to take into account the rights of small indigenous peoples,” he believes. It is necessary to continue to improve legislation on fisheries and environmental management, as well as the need to create a special working group, Magomedov said.
The Minister of Regional Development of the Russian Federation, Igor Slyunyaev, noted that improving the quality of life of small peoples is the main task of state policy. Now, he said, housing is being built in the places where these peoples live, the infrastructure is being developed. Slyunyaev noted that the population is educated. So, 12% have a higher education, and 40% - secondary. The unemployment rate also fell. According to him, now there is support for students, cultural and educational support is being provided.
“Work in the development of small indigenous peoples in Russia is underway. The problems of the livelihood of these peoples have accumulated a lot and they need to be addressed. We call on the authorities to ensure that the point of view of small peoples is taken into account, ”said Grigori Petrovich, president of the Association of Small Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East.
In his opinion, in order to resolve all these issues, it is necessary to make changes in federal and regional legislation. The list of these issues was also sent to the relevant committees and departments. “Among these questions are: confirmation of national identity, traditional hunting, traditional fishing, economic activities, changes in the list of places of traditional residence and traditional activities of indigenous peoples, as well as the territory of traditional nature management,” said Politkov.
All these issues are interrelated and should be considered as a whole. Now there is no access to hunting, there is no development of reindeer herding without protected areas of traditional nature use, the head of the association concluded.
According to the participants of the parliamentary hearings, the adoption of these clarifications and amendments will create opportunities for the formation of new territories of traditional environmental management in the regions, as well as improve the quality of life of the indigenous minorities of the North, Siberia and the Far East.