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Two new natural reserves have been created in the Khabarovsk Territory
By the decree of the Government of the Khabarovsk Territory, state nature reserves of regional significance "Tugursky" and "Mukhtel" were established in the Tuguro-Chumikansky municipal district, the press service of the regional administration reports.
State nature reserves are specially protected natural areas that are of great importance for the preservation or restoration of natural complexes or their components and for maintaining the ecological balance.
The area of the "Tugursky" reserve is 32,19 thousand hectares. According to the regional Ministry of Natural Resources, its borders include a part of the Tugur River, where spawning grounds for valuable and commercial fish species are located. The water area of the reserve is inhabited by blunt-nosed lenok, Siberian taimen, yellow-spotted and Amur grayling. The territory of the reserve is distinguished by high biological diversity: about 43 species of mammals and 188 species of birds.
The Mukhtel nature reserve with a total area of 49,45 thousand hectares is organized in the basin of the Mukhtel River and Lake Mukhtel, as well as in the sea area in the Nerpichiy Bay. Mukhtelskaya lowland is a unique wetland complex and a nesting site for swans and eagles, a place for rest and feeding of migratory birds during their seasonal migrations. The ornithological complex of this area includes 26 species with the status of rare and protected birds, listed in the Red Data Books of the Khabarovsk Territory, the Russian Federation and the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
“The formation of these reserves is very important for the preservation of biological diversity in the region. Their creation is also an important stage in the plan to ensure environmental safety in the Khabarovsk Territory for the period up to 2020, ”said Olga Veselovskaya, Deputy Chairperson of the Environmental Protection Committee of the Regional Ministry of Natural Resources.