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In Russia, the catch of the cheapest fish decreased by 22%
The catch of the cheapest fish in Russia decreased by 22% in eight months of this year compared to the same period last year. From January to August, 79 tons of ivasi sardines were harvested. In 124,8, this fish was caught on 2020 vessels, this year - only on 23.
As reported "Vedomosti", the average selling price of Iwashi sardine is 45 rubles per kilogram. Due to the rise in the cost of its prime cost, the hunters retrain their vessels to catch more profitable fish. For example, the world cost of one ton of pollock is $ 1, and Iwashi is $ 100.
Logistics costs have increased due to the closure of China. Previously, this country was not only a buyer of Russian fish, but also a transshipment point before shipping to other countries. Fishermen also use refrigeration facilities in the South Korean port of Busan. Freight for refrigerated ships and container shipments has risen in price by 4-5 times - approximately up to $ 500 per ton.
The prime cost of fish has grown, but it is not possible to raise its price - buyers are not ready for a rise in price. Due to the situation with logistics and coronavirus, payments for products are also slower: instead of three months - from six to nine.
The situation with Iwashi may worsen in 2022: the government decree on the mandatory customs declaration of the fleet built or acquired abroad comes into force. This will affect the so-called non-entry vessels that do not enter Russian ports. Meanwhile, such vessels provided half of the Iwashi catch last year. If the market leaders refuse to work in this field, then the supply of Iwashi to the domestic market will be further reduced.
According to experts, the lack of ivashi can be compensated for by similar herring, mackerel or horse mackerel, but they are significantly more expensive.