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Labor migrants from Central Asia leave the Amur Region
The reasons for the outflow of migrants from Central Asia are recognized as a sharp drop in the ruble and new amendments to the law on migrants that come into force in the new year. Now it is simply unprofitable for the inhabitants of Central Asia to work in the Amur region, according to local media.
At the same time, migrants from Uzbekistan mainly return to their homeland, while migrants from Kyrgyzstan are still more profitable to stay in Russia, said Abdimukhtar Palvanov, chairman of the regional Uzbek national cultural center.
There is a situation in the market when people who took goods in Uzbekistan for sale, because of the sharp fall of the ruble, work for themselves in the red. “If the ruble rate does not rise, then no one will bring goods from Uzbekistan. The guys return home - they say that it is better to find work there than to work here at a loss, ”explains Abdimukhtar Palvanov. The situation is complicated by the fact that in Uzbekistan the ruble is not a convertible currency, and people are forced to make transfers from Russia in dollars.
At the same time, the situation in Kyrgyzstan is further complicated by the fact that in their homeland there will not be enough jobs for everyone, and with a poorly developed industry and low wages and a general rise in prices, it is more profitable for migrants to stay in Russia. And this is even despite the fact that the cost of one som at the moment has exceeded the cost of the ruble, one ruble is equal to 1,05 Kyrgyz som - explains Abdimukhtar Palvanov.
At the same time, according to the amendments to the law on migrants, the rates for many officially required procedures are sharply increasing. So the future Russian workers need to pass for 5 000 rubles tests for knowledge of the Russian language, the history of Russia and the basics of Russian legislation. The cost of passing medical examination will be more than 5000 rubles and above. 2 000 is the registration of documents for submission to the authorities of the FMS. And the patent tax will be 4 270 rubles monthly.