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Permafrost thaw threatens people and animals in Yakutia
Climate change over the past 30 years has become more noticeable in Yakutia. According to scientists, changing landscapes due to permafrost thawing can threaten people and some animals moving inland to the north.
According to RIA News, scientists have been observing the thawing of permafrost since 1990. According to the deputy director for science at the Melnikov Institute of Permafrost Science SB RAS, a leading researcher at the BEST Institute of Natural Sciences at the NEFU Alexander Fedorov, the international scientific and educational center for biogeochemistry and climatology, extreme temperatures have been recorded at some points.
So, in Verkhoyansk, which is known as the Pole of Cold, on June 20 a temperature of +38 degrees was recorded - this is the temperature record that the World Meteorological Organization has already set. Temperature increases are observed throughout the republic: two degrees from perennial average values - in the north of the region and 1-1,5 degrees - in the south.
According to Alexander Fedorov, if global warming continues at such a pace, the inhabitants of the high-ice areas will have to move. Some animal species have already migrated north.
At the same time, in 2017, NEFU scientists Albert Svinoboev and Aiza Neustroeva found out that many foundations of residential buildings sank in the district and central regions of the republic - these phenomena were noted by 72% of the respondents in their survey. In addition, about 40-50% of arable land has been degraded and cannot be used. This confirms the conclusions of world scientists that it is becoming dangerous to live on permafrost.