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The joint venture assessed the risks of switching to direct payments for sick leave
The Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation assessed the risks of switching to direct payments for sick leave and other social benefits. This year, the transition from a "credit" to a "direct" system for calculating social benefits (benefits for temporary disability and in connection with motherhood, as well as payments in case of injuries at work or occupational diseases) entered the final stage. It is expected to be completed on January 1, 2021.
As reported "News", The "credit" system assumes that when an insured event occurs, the employer pays the benefit. In case of lack of funds, he can apply to the Social Insurance Fund. The “direct” system assumes payments directly from the FSS. This is supposed to reduce the burden on employers and guarantee workers the right to receive them.
The Accounts Chamber warns that the branches of the FSS after the transition may face a shortage of funds for the payment of certain types of benefits. This applies to receiving benefits for pregnancy and childbirth, as well as childcare - this accounts for most of the costs.
The budget for the current year includes a deficit in insurance against temporary disability and maternity in the amount of 14,4 billion rubles. The joint venture estimates the deficit at 83 billion rubles. According to forecasts, in 2021 the deficit will be more than 55 billion rubles. In addition, the situation may worsen against the backdrop of a pandemic.
Also, auditors see a problem in the transition to electronic document management. Only less than 40% of medical organizations in Russia issue sick leave in electronic form. About 15% of employers using the information exchange system where data on sick leave is collected.
To solve the problem, the Accounting Chamber suggested the Ministry of Finance to consider the issue of allocating additional money to the Social Insurance Fund. The Ministry of Labor, together with the Social Insurance Fund, was offered to work out a mechanism that would allow redistributing funds between different types of social insurance payments, if they are not enough in some direction.
Earlier it was reported that the Ministry of Labor believes that the transition to direct payments will improve the quality of service Russians, and also exclude conflicts with employers. The department reported that now many do not take sick leave and are afraid to go on maternity leave so as not to quarrel with their superiors.