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Sakhalin will become a platform for an experiment to reduce greenhouse emissions
The Sakhalin Region will become a pilot region in an all-Russian experiment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This was announced by Governor Valery Limarenko at a meeting in the regional government.
It is planned that this will not only dramatically reduce the carbon footprint, but also strengthen the economy of the region. Its status as a pilot site in an environmental experiment will be enshrined in the Federal Law, which should be sent to the State Duma in early 2021. His project is now being developed by an interdepartmental working group created on behalf of the presidential aide Maxim Oreshkin. By 2025, the Sakhalin Oblast should become carbon neutral.
As the head of the climate project Dinara Gershinkova explains, carbon neutrality does not mean that emissions will be reduced to zero - they are offset by the absorption of greenhouse gases. According to her, in the Sakhalin region, according to preliminary estimates, there are good indicators for this ratio.
The head of the region noted that the Sakhalin region strives to ensure that the islands are clean, and therefore ambitious tasks are set for the development of alternative, including hydrogen, energy. According to him, controlled emissions into the atmosphere create new environmentally friendly conditions for the inhabitants of the islands and investors, allow diversifying and strengthening the economy, and increasing the role of the region in the international arena.
As Dinara Gershinkova notes, Russia's main trading partners are moving towards carbon neutrality, and in the future, large economies of the world will not cooperate with countries where such work is not carried out. According to world practice, countries choose a region in which they work out the regulatory, economic and technological aspects of measures to reduce their carbon footprint. The region's positive experiences are then scaled up to the entire country.
The implementation of the project has actually already begun: an agreement has been signed with the Israel Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, and a regional climate center is being created on the basis of Sakhalin State University. The experiment provides for full gasification of the region, transfer of transport to environmentally friendly fuel, modernization of housing and communal services.
According to Sergei Pravosudov, director of the Institute of National Energy, the use of natural gas in itself helps to reduce the carbon footprint, since gas is one of the most environmentally friendly fuels, but this does not exclude the use of other solutions in the field of alternative energy.
“The key to success lies in a competent combination of energy sources and their rational use in relation to local conditions. If you take a remote village, in which strong winds constantly blow, and which will never be supplied with gas, since it is economically unprofitable to pull a pipe to it, the decision to install windmills there naturally suggests itself. Or, if there are sources of thermal waters near such a village, it would be strange not to use them, ”says Pravosudov.
According to him, in this sense, the choice of the Sakhalin region as a pilot region is ideal: on the one hand, the region has accumulated rich experience in the use of natural gas, which will facilitate, in particular, the transition to methane, and then to hydrogen fuel, on the other hand, this is a large, sparsely populated region with serious potential for "green" energy in the form of the same wind.