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Russia in 2020 faces an acute shortage of fishing vessels
The composition of the vessels of the fishing fleet in quantitative terms from 2000 to 2018 decreased by 25%. According to industry experts, if the tendency to decommission ships continues, then already in 2020 there will be an acute shortage of capacities in Russia. This will prevent the increase in catch.
As the Interfax with reference to the materials of the scientific-practical conference on the legal support of the fishing industry, despite the fact that, as part of the use of investment quotas, fishermen have already concluded contracts for the construction of 33 vessels, the situation with the fleet in this segment will not change much, since the construction of the vessel will require at least five years.
As noted in the documents, the bulk of the fleet is concentrated in the Far East - 71%. The fishing fleet is the basis of the material and technical base of the industry; it accounts for over 70% of the main production assets and 90% of fish catch. At the same time, only 1% of the total number of vessels - large-capacity trawler-processors in the Far Eastern basin and medium-tonnage - in the North - is less than five years old.
As for small and medium tonnage vessels, only in the Azov-Black Sea, Volga-Caspian and Western basins, about 120 new vessels need to be built to replace the fleet. Of these, 100 are mining vessels, 20 for servicing mariculture farms.