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Rosrybolovstvo: modernization of the historical principle of the distribution of shares of production quotas (catch) of aquatic bioresources

Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation - Head of Rosrybolovstvo Ilya Shestakov held a meeting on the modernization of the historical principle of distribution of quotas for the production (catch) of aquatic biological resources.

The meeting, which was attended by representatives of fishing companies and industry associations, discussed proposals for amendments to the Federal Law "On Fisheries and the Conservation of Aquatic Biological Resources", finalized by the Federal Agency for Fishery, taking into account the discussions of the draft amendments held in 2014 at various sites.

The main attention was paid to the proposal for the formation of a new principle for the implementation of industrial and coastal fisheries in marine water bodies and the calculation of volumes of quota shares.

In particular, the Federal Agency for Fishery offers to conclude agreements on fixing the quota share from 2018 to 25 years. Such a rule is aimed at the formation of a long-term planning horizon for fishing enterprises, which will help stimulate the renewal of the fishing fleet and production capacity.

The draft law provides for the conclusion of a single agreement on securing the shares of the catch quota (catch), which allows industrial and coastal fishing. At the same time, the fish industrialist will be able to independently choose for himself the conditions of fishing - coastal or industrial fishing. The introduction of such a norm will help reduce administrative barriers for fishermen and will allow stimulating the delivery of aquatic biological resources to the Russian coast for the development of coastal processing.

The conditions for the implementation of coastal fisheries prohibit the transfer of products into the sea. Transportation and unloading of aquatic biological resources catches will be carried out in live or chilled (divided) form to the delivery points determined by the state authorities of the coastal subjects of the Russian Federation. That is, it is intended to use catches for the production of fish products only on the Russian coast. No restrictions are imposed on the type of ships.

In determining the quota for coastal fisheries will act declarative principle. Fisheries that wish to supply fish in fresh and chilled (cut) form to the coast, including for processing enterprises, will be given an economic incentive in the form of an increase in the allowable catch volume.

The specified conditions for industrial and coastal fishing will apply only to species of aquatic bioresources, for which the total allowable catch (TAC) is established.

In addition, in order to improve the efficiency of aquatic biological resources development, it is proposed to increase the quota development threshold from 50% to 70%, providing for exceptions in the event of circumstances that impede the development of the quota (adverse weather conditions, temporary catch limits). At the same time, in order to eliminate “quota rentiers,” a norm is introduced that obliges users to master at least 70% of the volume of quota obtained on their own fishing vessels or on ships acquired under a leasing agreement. To ensure the operation of fishing holdings, it is possible to use vessels within one group of persons.

It is indicated that vessels that have not passed the customs clearance on the territory of Russia will not be able to obtain a permit to catch. At the same time, as noted at the meeting, before the introduction of this norm into force, a customs amnesty is planned for “non-passing” courts.

Representatives of the fishing complex in general supported the proposals submitted by the Federal Agency for Fishery. It was noted that the revised draft law is “integral, logically interconnected, including from the point of view of legal engineering”. Important innovations were the formation of a list of transparent conditions for the conclusion of quota fixation agreements according to the “historical principle” and the introduction of legal grounds for the transfer of resources from quotaable objects to nonquoted objects.

At the same time, the meeting participants noted the need to clarify some provisions of the draft law concerning the mechanism for calculating total allowable catches for users in the framework of industrial and coastal fisheries, as well as considering the possibility of using such a distribution mechanism in the framework of international agreements on fisheries.

Following the meeting, it was decided to finalize the bill, taking into account the voiced proposals. “I am sure, thanks to a constructive approach to the discussion of the draft law by the industry community, which we now see, we will be able to resolve all disputed issues,” said Ilya Shestakov.

“I ask you to submit to Rosrybolovstvo your calculations on possible risks and, if necessary, additional proposals for correcting the document,” the head of Rosrybolovstvo appealed to the fishers. “Taking into account the comments, the draft law will be finalized for further discussion, including at the site of the working group attached to the Ministry of Agriculture.”

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