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Rosrybolovstvo: liquidation of "Natrbresurs" can lead to the disruption of the strategy for import substitution

The liquidation of FSUE Natsrybresurs, which is in charge of the quay walls of fishing ports, will lead to a disruption in the solution of the strategic task of import substitution in the fish market and pose a threat to the food security of the Russian Federation. So Rosrybolovstvo commented for EastRussia yesterday's statement Presidential Plenipotentiary in the Far Eastern Federal District Yury Trutnev about the uselessness of enterprises to the state.

It is noted that now the National Fish Resource has the most important task to develop the infrastructure for the supply of domestic fish products from the fisherman to the consumer, the basic element of which is the berthing facilities assigned to the state enterprise.

FSUE “National Fish Resources” was created in 1999 year, the main part of the berths was transferred to it in 2008 year, and the process of forming the state enterprise property complex was completed only in 2013 year. And today, more than 50% of fish products directed to the central part of Russia are being transshipped through its quays.

Before the transfer to the National Fish Resource, the berths were managed at the regional level. During this period, almost all the berths were leased to various private structures, and the port territories were redeveloped to service non-core cargoes, such as scrap metal and coal. In such a situation, the share of fish in the port's cargo turnover is no more than 5%, and more than 65% of fish left and goes abroad now.

As a result, the infrastructure for receiving and processing fish products has declined, and the quay walls themselves, due to their barbarous exploitation by private structures and the lack of proper repair, now require major modernization.

According to Rosrybolovstvo, now major expenses “National Fish Resources” are connected with the maintenance and servicing of berths: according to the results of 2014, 53% was sent for these purposes income of the enterprise, including direct costs for repairs, purchase of equipment and materials, conducting inspections and inspections. However, the existing average rental rate is such that it will be possible to finance the overhaul only in 100 years, whereas without taking urgent measures, fishermen will remain without berths after 10-15 years.

In order to restore the fishing ports, the new leadership of the FSUE “National Fish Resources” decided to revise conditions of commissioning of hydraulic structures... Stevedores have been offered a differentiated tariff for the use of state quay walls, providing priority conditions for the transshipment of fish. In the price of its tariff, the share of payment for the provision of the berth accounts for no more than 14%. For example, if a stevedore charges a fisherman 1 thousand rubles per ton of overloaded cargo, then 140 rubles per ton or 14 kopecks per kilogram of fish will be the share of payment for the provision of a berth in Kamchatka, in the city-forming port of Severo-Kurilsk - 40 rubles per ton or 4 kopecks per kilogram. Under these conditions, all the costs of servicing and repairing the berths are borne by National Fishery Resource.

In addition, in order to modernize fishing ports, a mechanism of private-state partnership has been developed, which will allow attracting private investment in the development and modernization of fishing ports in the context of budget deficit. This mechanism is now being discussed, including with the current tenants of the berthing walls. Although not all counterparties of the National Fish Resource are interested in investing in the port renewal, and this is associated with active resistance on the ground.

Considering that the development of infrastructure is an interregional task, the liquidation of the only specialized federal enterprise will have the most negative consequences and will lead to the elimination of all efforts of the state to organize a transport and logistics window for the supply of fish products to the interior of the country. Considering the task set by the President of the Russian Federation on accelerated import substitution, this scenario should not be allowed to happen, commented on the situation in Rosrybolovstvo.
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