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Regions with the highest level of poverty named in Russia
The proportion of people living below the poverty line in some regions of Russia exceeded 20%. In the Far East, the situation in different regions is different: somewhere this figure is exceeded, but somewhere, on the contrary, there is a positive trend.
In Russia, more than 1,5 million people fell due to the pandemic. Worst of all, the loss of income is reflected in the poor: they do not have savings, and minimal reductions in income already lead to savings in basic expenses. Before coronavirus in Russia, about 12,3% of Russians were below the poverty line — almost 18 million people.
Experts RIA Rating found out how coronavirus affected the level of poverty in the country. The ratio of median per capita monthly income of the region’s population to the cost of a fixed set of goods and services was taken as the basis. Median, analysts specify -
the level at which exactly half of the population has incomes above it, and 50% is lower. Also, the regions calculated the proportion of those who are below the poverty line (income below the subsistence level) and extreme poverty (income below half the subsistence level).
On average, in Russia the ratio of median income to the cost of a set of goods and services was 1,65. The lower this indicator, the less residents can afford. This ratio was found to be above average only in 20 regions, including the Far Eastern ones - in Chukotka (2,27), in the Magadan Region (2,26) and on Sakhalin (2,22).
At the same time, in Yakutia there is also a high level of correlation between median incomes and the cost of a set of goods and services, however, at the same time, the republic became one of the regions with a high share of the poor population - 17,9%. A similar situation has developed in Kamchatka, where the median income ratio is 1,63, and the share of the poor is 15%.
The worst situation in the Far East is in Jewish autonomy: the share of the population below the poverty line is 23,9, the ratio of income to the value of goods is 1,20. Buryatia also had poor indicators (20,1 below the poverty line and 1,31 ratio of income to the value of goods) and Transbaikalia (21,5 and 1,35).