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The program of anti-crisis measures of the Kamchatka Territory: the goal is to overcome the crisis with growth
The government of Kamchatka has begun to implement a set of measures that will allow the regional economy not only to survive the crisis with the least losses, but also to get out of it with growth - Vladimir Ilyukhin told EastRussia following a meeting of the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev on the development of anti-crisis measures.
“I would not say that the crisis has seriously affected Kamchatka. Yes, we have a certain recession in the economy, which we feel and will still feel. And we must be ready for this ", - noted the head of the region.
Explaining the budgetary policy of the region, Vladimir Ilyukhin said: “First of all, it is necessary to create budgetary reserves. Now we are assessing the current and capital expenditures of the regional budget in order to optimize costs by concentrating funds on key areas. We plan to optimize the budget by increasing the efficiency of spending funds, while maintaining the existing measures to support business and measures of social support for the population. Our task is to preserve the total number of small and medium-sized businesses, as well as the number of employees employed in them ”.
At the end of the year, Kamchatka showed stable economic growth. The volume of GRP increased by 1 billion and exceeded 146 billion rubles. “We hoped for higher indicators, but the general recession and the decline in investment activity still affected the economy of the region. In order to avoid negative consequences, we have started to implement a set of measures that will allow our economy not only to survive the crisis with the least losses, but also to get out of it with growth, ”said Vladimir Ilyukhin.
“First of all, this is state support for priority sectors of the economy. Experience has shown that tax, property benefits and preferences, and industry support programs can stimulate investment activity and ensure production growth. For example, by the end of the year, the region again became the leader in the country in terms of investment in the fishing industry. In recent years, more than 13 billion rubles have been invested in this industry. Now we are continuing the implementation of the two largest projects in Kamchatka for the construction of fish processing plants with a total investment of more than 2,2 billion rubles. The situation is similar in the mining industry: the growth in the production of precious metals in Kamchatka in 2014 increased by a quarter, the volume of investments exceeded 4 billion rubles. In the summer, we will launch the largest mining and processing plant in Kamchatka with a capacity of more than 4 tons of gold per year (despite the fact that in 2014 a little more than 3 tons were mined in the region). There is also a good increase in agriculture - 11%. Thanks to import substitution measures and government support, we have increased the production of our own food products.
The second important area is support for small and medium-sized businesses, which today find themselves in the most difficult situation. Last year, we allocated about 580 million rubles for these purposes. This year we will keep the entire volume of state support for business. We also decided not to raise interest rates on loans from the state fund for the support of entrepreneurship - they are kept at the level of 10 to 14%. In the context of high interest rates of the bank, loans to the regional fund are in high demand and allow businesses to quickly solve the problems of the current functioning and further development.
Another important layer of tasks is labor market regulation and targeted support of citizens. The entire volume of social assistance to residents will be preserved. Special attention should be paid to the risks in the sphere of employment of the population. Taking into account the shortage of labor resources in the region, we are preparing a program of advanced retraining for demanded professions and an internship program for young specialists. We also used the potential reserves of the migration policy: last year we reduced the volume of quotas for attracting foreigners by almost five times, this year - by 8 times. One of the possible mechanisms of influence is the introduction of restrictions on attracting foreigners through patents. This measure is now being worked out by the relevant ministries. Our task is to preserve jobs for Kamchatka residents.
And the last major area is the development of the housing construction and mortgage lending market. We pin great hopes on federal support measures in this direction. It is very important to prevent social tension due to a sharp rise in interest rates. At the regional level, we will maintain support measures for mortgage lending for young families, housing programs for young professionals. According to the results of the last year, the growth in the construction of residential buildings in the region amounted to 6%. At the same time, the volume of commercial construction has grown by more than one and a half times. At the same time, the key program for us is the federal program to improve the resilience of residential buildings, since a huge amount of housing stock has a high seismic resistance deficit and it is impossible to stop the resettlement of such houses, first of all, from the point of view of the safety of citizens.
Of course, the difficult economic situation in the country will affect Kamchatka and the entire Far East. But even in difficult conditions, we have strengths that will allow us to survive a difficult period without any significant losses, to start new projects and to give impetus to the development of our own production, "said the Governor of the Kamchatka Territory Vladimir Ilyukhin to EastRussia.