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Representatives of Russia, China, Iran and Kazakhstan discussed the construction of the Silk Road
Today, Astana hosted a meeting of experts from Russia, China, Iran, Kazakhstan and Turkey, where they discussed joint projects within the framework of Silk Road Initiatives, according to RIA Novosti.
It is expected that in May, at the talks between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping, the interaction of the EAEU countries and the Celestial Empire within the Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB) will be discussed.
Construction idea new Silk Road, which should connect China with European countries, strengthen cooperation with Asia and Africa, was put forward in 2013 by the President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jipin. When implementing this initiative, China expects to strengthen political contacts, create a transport network from the Pacific Ocean to the Baltic Sea, reduce barriers to trade and investment, and expand settlement systems in national currencies.
The most promising transit corridor for the delivery of goods from China to Europe is the Northern Route, which will pass through the territory of Kazakhstan and the Trans-Siberian Railway. The current Silk Road map allows for the development of several routes from China to Europe. In addition to the Northern Route, the authors of the report also highlight sea routes that involve the Kazakh port of Aktau, as well as the ports of the Caspian Sea (Makhachkala, Baku), providing access to the Caucasus region, Turkey and the Black Sea basin. The southern routes pass through the territories of Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Iran, providing access to the Indian Ocean in the Persian Gulf region.
The authors of the report "The Creation of Eurasia: The Silk Road Economic Belt" believe that from an economic point of view, the two formats - the EAEU and the SREB - not only do not contradict, but also mutually complement each other.
They also believe that Russia, Kazakhstan and China should create a common electricity market for the implementation of long-term projects in the field of resource trade.
At present, the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan carry out export-import supplies of electricity, which is largely due to the power grid infrastructure preserved from the Soviet times, through which the connection of the Central part of Russia and the Urals with Siberia is carried out through the networks passing through the territory of Kazakhstan.
In order for Russia not to miss the "Eurasian moment", it is necessary to submit for discussion with the main partners a new strategy in the Eurasian space, experts say. In particular, it should include the development of a joint strategic document between the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan and China "Energy Belt of Eurasia", which would determine the long-term priorities of international cooperation in the field of energy trade, taking into account global trends in the world market.