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Representatives of Russia, China, Iran and Kazakhstan discussed the construction of the Silk Road
Today in Astana, a meeting of experts from Russia, China, Iran, Kazakhstan and Turkey was held, at which joint projects were discussed as part of the implementation of initiatives of the Silk Road, according to RIA Novosti.
As expected, in May, at the talks between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping, the interaction of the EAEU countries and the Celestial Empire within the Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB) will be discussed.
Idea of building new Silk Road, which should connect China with the countries of Europe, strengthen cooperation with Asia and Africa, put forward in 2013 year, President of China Xi Jinping. China hopes to strengthen political contacts, create a transport network from the Pacific to the Baltic Sea, reduce barriers to trade and investment, and expand settlement systems in national currencies.
The most promising transit corridor for cargo delivery from China to Europe is the Northern Route, which will pass through the territory of Kazakhstan and the Trans-Siberian Railway. The current Silk Road map allows the development of several routes from China to Europe. The authors of the report, in addition to the Northern Route, also provide sea routes that involve the Kazakhstan port of Aktau, as well as the ports of the Caspian Sea (Makhachkala, Baku), providing access to the Caucasus region, Turkey and the Black Sea basin. Southern routes pass through the territories of Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Iran, providing access to the Indian Ocean in the Persian Gulf region.
The authors of the report "The Creation of Eurasia: The Silk Road Economic Belt" believe that from an economic point of view, the two formats - the EAEU and the SREB - not only do not contradict, but also mutually complement each other.
They also believe that Russia, Kazakhstan and China should create a common electricity market for long-term projects in the field of trade in resources
At present, Russia and Kazakhstan carry out export-import supplies of electricity, which is largely due to the Soviet-era electric grid infrastructure, which links the Central part of Russia and the Urals with Siberia through networks passing through Kazakhstan.
In order for Russia not to miss the "Eurasian moment", it is necessary to submit for discussion with the main partners a new strategy in the Eurasian space, experts say. In particular, it should include the development of a joint strategic document between the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan and China "Energy Belt of Eurasia", which would determine long-term priorities for international cooperation in the field of energy trade, taking into account global trends in the world market.