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A three-year budget is being discussed in Chukotka
In the Chukotka Autonomous Region, there is an active discussion of the draft district budget for 2015-2017 years. According to the position of the Government of the region, it will retain its social orientation, while the emphasis will be placed on solving economic problems. According to Roman Kopin, the governor of Chukotka, only a healthy economy will allow the district to develop and, therefore, will enable the Government to fully fulfill its social obligations to Chukotka residents, the press service of the head of the region reports.
- At the same time, we understand that only the acceleration of economic incentives will allow us to achieve real indicators. Our main potential is subsoil use. It is the mineral resource base that is the main instrument of economic growth. Therefore, it is necessary to focus on the investment attractiveness of the district. This is not only tax and administrative incentives for large investment projects. One of the main tasks is to increase the transport accessibility of the region, remove infrastructure restrictions in the field of energy, the governor is sure.
According to him, the internal tax potential will be a feature of the 2015-2017 budget, growth and growth of which is projected for the next three years.
- It is necessary to build up the tax potential in cooperation with the largest taxpayers, who form its basis. These are the Chukotka mining and geological company, the Mayskoye, Severnoye Zoloto enterprises and a number of others. We can already say that budget revenues for the planned period will be slightly higher than those that we assumed earlier. These adjustments are also made to the draft budget for 2015-2017, the governor stressed.
In addition, attention should be focused on the agro-industrial complex, says Roman Kopin. The need to strengthen work in this direction is further stimulated by the emerging issue of import substitution due to the aggravated geopolitical situation.
The main provisions of the Government's budgetary policy were announced on October 21 by the Head of the Department of Finance, Economics and Property Relations Andrey Mingazov. He took part in public hearings on the draft three-year budget held in the Duma of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. According to Andrei Mingazov, out of the total volume of expenditures of the regional budget for 2015, the maximum share will fall on housing and communal services - 25-26%, education will need 21% of funds, healthcare - 9-12%, social sphere - 8%, another 14-16% - to support the district economy.
- The main expenses are utilities. But there are also maximum reserves, to extract which our forthcoming policy in the field of cost optimization should be aimed at. This is, first of all, a reduction in the costs and expenses of the enterprises of the sphere themselves, as well as measures to ensure a reduction in energy consumption in the budgetary sphere, - said Andrey Mingazov.
As part of the execution of the "May decrees" of the President, Andrei Mingazov continued, an increase in wages in the public sector is expected in the amount of 5,5%. In the field of education, the increase can reach 8-10%. Traditionally, social benefits will be indexed, including at least 6% - regional maternity capital, monthly child benefit. At the same time, the head of the Department of Finance, Economy and Property Relations emphasized, measures will be taken to improve the targeting of payments.
According to specialists, the district budget will be balanced over the next three years, although the issue of Chukotka’s debt obligations will remain, payments for which should begin in 2015. In any case, Andrei Mingazov assured, the maximum amount of public debt will not exceed the planned limits established by the budget code of the Russian Federation.
In addition, from next year the district will begin to feel the effect of state aid. The amount of subsidies for equalizing budgetary security, according to the draft law on the federal budget, will amount to 8 billion 993 million rubles, in 2016 - 10 billion 756 million rubles, in 2017. - 10 billion 101 million rubles.