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In Chukotka, a wooden dwelling was found with an age up to 3 500 years
In the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, the 25 field season of the Beringian Archaeological Expedition completed, which conducts research on the ancient whaling site of the Inuit tribe of Unenen, located in the area of the modern settlement of Nunligran, in the Providence District. According to the head of the expedition, a member of the Russian Research Institute of Cultural and Natural Heritage named after D.S. Likhachev Sergey Gusev, during the field season of this year for the first time in the territory of northeast Asia, dwellings with wooden floors dating back to the 15th-13th centuries were discovered and explored. BC, the press service of the head of the region.
- This find testifies to the high level of housing construction among the ancient inhabitants of Chukotka. The uniqueness of the discovery also lies in the fact that the sea hunters used a multi-layer floor covering, consisting of wood and turf, '' said Sergei Gusev. - Unfortunately, this year it was not possible to examine the third layer of the basement of the dwelling, which turned out to be deep in the permafrost, but work in this direction will continue.
As the governor of the Chukotka Autonomous Region Roman Kopin commented on the discovery, this find once again speaks of the historical richness of the territory.
- Chukotka is a unique repository of historical artifacts that can tell a lot about the ancient way of life of the indigenous people who inhabited the territory thousands of years ago. The selfless work of archaeologists excavating in permafrost conditions makes an invaluable contribution to the science and history of the region every year. For its part, the Okrug Government is trying to provide all possible assistance in organizing the expedition, - emphasized the head of the region.
During the current year, a number of private artifacts were also discovered during the excavations. According to Sergey Gusev, the scientists found a polar bear dyed with ocher doll, harpoon swivel tips, similar to those found earlier in Greenland, as well as wooden objects such as ski, bucket and punching board.
- In addition to excavations at the site of the Unenen site, the expedition monitored the state of the archaeological sites in the Providensky region. In particular, we visited the Whale Alley, the Naivan site, which dates back to about 6 millennium BC, as well as the Ulkhum, Kuturak, Nunligran sites and other sites, added Sergey Gusev.
The Beringian archaeological expedition is conducted on the territory of the region from 1990 year. Scientists have explored the sites of ancient settlements in the Chukchi, Iultinsky, Anadyrsky areas. In recent years, active excavations have been conducted in the Providensky district, at the site of the ancient whaling of Unanen, where in 2011 the only known sanctuary of the ancient Eskimo culture of sea mammals was found, the age of which, according to preliminary estimates, reaches 3-x thousand years.