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Minister of Regional Development of the Russian Federation and Deputy Minister of Development Studies at the State Council of China discussed urbanization and land relations
Within the framework of the agreements reached at the Russian-Chinese talks at the Shanghai meeting (May 2014), as well as at the First Russian-Chinese Expo in Harbin (June-July 2014) 25 July, Minister of Regional Development Igor Slyunyaev held a meeting with the Deputy Minister of the Center for Development Studies of the State Council of the People's Republic of China Han Jun, the press service of the ministry reported.
Deputy Minister of Regional Development Valery Gaevsky, Director of the Department of Strategic Development and State Policy in the Sphere of Territorial Planning of the Ministry of Regional Development Elena Chuguevskaya, Third Secretary of the First Asia Department of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Anna Yangel, General Director of JSC Giprogor Mikhail Grudinin took part in the event from the Russian side. From the Chinese side - Deputy Director General of the Center for Development Studies (CDR) He Youpen, representatives of the Department of Rural Economy Research and the Department of Strategy and Regional Economic Research of the CDR. The meeting was also attended by acting Marina Vasilyeva, World Bank Director for Russia.
During the meeting, the processes of urbanization in Russia, China and countries with economies in transition, land relations and ways of resolving problems in carrying out land reforms, and land use issues in cities were discussed.
- In 2008, the population of cities was equal in number to the rural population, and by 2050, according to the UN forecast, more than 85% of people on Earth will live and work in cities. And if earlier urbanization meant primarily an increase in the urban population and the importance of cities, now a modern city is a space that should provide a person with a high quality of life, a variety of services, and enable him to find and realize himself. Today we are striving to build such cities. The future of cities is to focus on human interests, - said Igor Slyunyaev.
According to him, 1100% of the country's citizens live in 75 Russian cities. At the same time, the Ministry of Regional Development of Russia is considering different concepts of urban development, based on their typology. The Ministry of Regional Development is developing a concept for a federal program for the development of small cities in Russia, Igor Slyunyaev told Chinese colleagues.
He noted that new urban planning solutions and approaches were tested in the framework of large-scale projects for preparation for the 2014 Olympic Games in Sochi, the APEC Summit in Vladivostok and the Universiade in Kazan. “These cities have created a new urban environment at the level of world standards. In fact, we have provided the groundwork for the development of cities for decades to come. This experience will be used for other territories as well, ”said Igor Slyunyaev.
At the same time, he noted the advanced achievements of China, South Korea and Japan in building a "smart city", stressing that "this is not tomorrow, but the day after tomorrow," and Russia is interested in this experience.
The minister called himself a supporter of the deurbanization of the European part of Russia and the advanced development of the territories of Siberia and the Far East, primarily along the southern border and taking into account the tasks of cross-border cooperation with neighboring states.
As an example of agglomeration projects in the east of the country, the project for the construction of the city of Zabaikalsk was named, which was presented to the Chinese side by Mikhail Grudinin, General Director of Giprogor. According to him, the project for the development of Zabaikalsk with an 11 population and the neighboring Chinese city of Manchuria with 300 inhabitants is considered as a project for the integrated development of the border area based on a cluster approach. At the same time, the Ministry of Regional Development and "Giprogor" are considering the prospects for the development of agglomerations along the Trans-Siberian and Harbin railways. This "development corridor" can be used to expand cross-border contacts and build up Russia's transit potential in the cross-border direction "Europe - Western China".
Director of the Department of Strategic Development and State Policy in the Sphere of Territorial Planning of the Ministry of Regional Development Elena Chuguevskaya told about the convergence of city-planning and land legislation in Russia and the work of the department on creating a federal state information system of territorial planning.
Han Jun, Deputy Minister of the Center for Development Research at the State Council of the People's Republic of China, spoke about the task of increasing the number of urban residents by 300 million people in China and the need to solve the problems of providing citizens with food and drinking water.
Mr. Jun said that the CIR under the State Council of the PRC makes forecasts for the economic development of not only China, but also the states of Eurasia. He expressed his readiness, at the request of the Minister of Regional Development Igor Slyunyaev, to acquaint the Russian side with the forecasts and development strategies that the Center is developing - in the part that is interesting for mutual partnership and cooperation.
The Chinese side also intends to study in detail the proposal on cooperation of the parties from the head of the Ministry of Regional Development of Russia in the implementation of large infrastructure projects based on the issuance of bond issues.
“If we build a port in Provideniya Bay with the attraction of bonds, then the speed of this project will increase significantly and it will not have problems with financing,” said Igor Slyunyaev.
During the meeting, interest in this topic was shown by the World Bank office in Russia. The bank has already conducted research on bonded loans in Russia, used this mechanism in the implementation of projects in Chuvashia and other Russian regions. Marina Vasilyeva, Director of the World Bank in Russia. “We hope that your cooperation on this topic will not be bilateral, but trilateral, that is, with the participation of our bank,” she said.
The parties agreed on joint efforts to promote priority investment projects involving Russian and Chinese capital in the regions of Russia and the Chinese provinces.