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Kurilchans describe the history of Shikotan
The geography of the local history of the South Kuril museum covers the island of Kunashir and the islands of the Lesser Kuril chain. According to the administration of the South Kurile region, the local museum conducts a study of the history of the Kuril Islands jointly with colleagues from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk and Japan.
Employees of the regional museum of local lore and the Historical museum of the island of Hokkaido have repeatedly participated in joint expeditions to the island of Shikotan. Among the local residents there are many local historians who study the history of the island on their own.
On one of the last trips to the island, the museum staff held a number of meetings with organizations and individuals interested in popularizing local lore. Also during the visit to the island, the researchers discovered new information from life on the island in different years, made a series of photographs of the island's historical sites. They will be included in the exposition of the South Kurile Museum on the island of Shikotan.
All collected materials will be used in the excursion program, which will allow visitors to the museum to expand the idea of the island. During the visit to Shikotan
managed to visit the places of the Japanese, Soviet and Russian periods of development of the island.
For Shikotan, there is another turning point that has left an indelible mark not only in nature, social life. This is the turn to the devastating earthquake of 1994 and after. Of the objects related to the Japanese period of development, it was possible to visit the Shpanberg lighthouse, Japanese cemeteries, Dimitrov bays, Tserkovnaya and Krab. In these places, remains of the foundations of Japanese houses are still clearly visible. The bald patches in the bamboo shoot indicate the places where local residents of that time were engaged in gardening. You can imagine how the houses were located earlier, what the former inhabitants of the island saw from the windows.
On the seashore you can see the remains of wooden docks and iron parts from ships - blocks, anchors, forged nails. The sea still throws out fragments of Japanese porcelain and pottery, although after the 1994 earthquake the island sank by a meter. From the times of the Soviet period, the structures of gigantic "settlement-forming" fish processing plants remained, which now do not produce products in the same volume.