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China against militarization of outer space
According to the Chinese press, in April, the Chinese Academy of Space Technology (China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology) published a report on global competition in the field of space exploration.
The report states that, to date, only 12 countries of the world have the possibility of launching their own satellites into near-earth orbit. From 2012 to 2013, 159 spacecraft were launched from Earth, of which 86,8% of launches were made by 4 by the leading space powers - Russia, the USA, China and the EU.
By August, 2013 had a 1084 satellite in near-earth orbit, of which the 461 spacecraft belonged to the United States, 111 to Russia and 110 to the European Union. Chinese researchers are concerned about the emerging trend towards the use of outer space for military purposes, contrary to international rules on the peaceful exploration of space. First of all, it concerns the USA. In February of this year, the head of the US Air Force Space Command, General William Shelton, announced the intention of the United States to launch an 2 satellite into near-earth orbit to monitor other spacecraft. The satellite launch will be carried out as part of the geosynchronous operational space awareness (GSAP) program.
Chinese experts believe that the international community should immediately review the law relating to the exploration of outer space. 11 international conventions and declarations have been adopted to date, but no document can effectively prevent the militarization of space.
In recent years, the Chinese government has paid great attention to the development of the aerospace industry and the scientific research of space exploration. In 2011, the first Chinese manned station, Tiangong-1, entered near-earth orbit. In 2015, the PRC plans to launch "Tiangong-2" with a space laboratory on board.
In December last year, China launched a probe on the Moon "Chang-3" with the first lunar rover on board. "Chang'e-3" made a soft landing on the surface of the Moon in the area of the Rainbow Gulf, making China the third country after the United States and the USSR, which proved its ability to carry out lunar missions.
Chinese researchers plan twice a year to issue reports on the development of international space and the development of aerospace technology in order to inform the public about the protection of the country's space interests in a timely manner.
“We hope that our reports will contribute to the development of industries related to space, as well as improve international cooperation in the peaceful exploration of outer space,” said Xie Jiebin, a spokesman for the China Academy of Space Technology.