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China presented a prototype of its first rover at the 16 International Industrial Exhibition in Shanghai
At the 16 International Industrial Exhibition in Shanghai, the China Aerospace Corporation (CASC) presented a prototype of its first rover, which in the foreseeable future will go to the Red Planet in order to check it for water and life.
According to Chinese officials, the launch of the rover is planned in 2020 year, and its return will take place in about ten years. For a comprehensive test of the apparatus, China plans to build a prototype of a Martian base in Tibet with all the necessary life support and technology.
In an effort to "catch up and overtake" the Indian mission Mangalyaan, Chinese scientists have made a number of significant modifications to the design of Yuytu so that the new rover can cope with the harsh conditions of the Red Planet. To improve communication, the unit is equipped with a large parabolic antenna. The wheels also underwent a number of changes - in order to move on a rocky surface, they became larger and much stronger. The average temperature on Mars is lower than on the Moon due to the greater distance from the sun - this also left an imprint on the design changes of the prototype apparatus.
The Chinese Martian program will include an orbiter, a descent module and a rover. Questions about the possible presence of a nuclear power source on board the Mars rover or varieties of scientific equipment have so far remained unanswered.