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India protects the rights of women, the elderly and minorities
The Government of India has been consistently developing social legislation to ensure the protection of the rights of women, minorities and the elderly. Over the past two years, a number of norms have been adopted in the country to ensure the protection of certain segments of the population. The adopted legislation takes into account the new social context and is aimed at correcting historical injustice. In particular, the initiatives relate to the topic of abortion and surrogacy. Thus, the bill, presented in July 2019, prohibits any commercial relationship in the field of surrogacy, but allows altruism and provides appropriate protection to surrogate mothers who want to help other people have children free of charge. The topic was continued by the bills on assisted reproductive technologies approved by the Cabinet of Ministers in February 2020 and amendments to the law on termination of pregnancy for medical reasons. Another part of the legislative initiatives is aimed at protecting the elderly. Last week, a bill was approved on the welfare of parents and the elderly, designed to provide older residents of the country with the basic needs and rights guaranteed by the Constitution. Also, important attention in the list of amendments and new laws is given to transgender people. The corresponding document was adopted by the Indian Parliament in November 2019. The law aims to create a mechanism for the empowerment of transgender people in the social, economic and educational fields. The measures taken are designed to mitigate negative attitudes towards transgender people, exclude any manifestations of discrimination and promote their full integration into society.