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Experts propose a radical revision of the public procurement system in Russia

Until the setting of FZ-44 resembles “weed control”, there can be no talk of any efficiency - publication in the Expert magazine.

Experts propose a radical revision of the public procurement system in Russia
Photo: Expert magazine
The creation of a federal supply service in Russia in the form of a public law company or the consolidation of the functions of centralized supplies for one of the regulators was proposed in an article in the Expert magazine by ex-minister for the development of the Far East and the Arctic, Alexander Galushka, and deputy plenipotentiary of the Russian president in the Central Federal District Artur Niyazmetov. 
An article entitled "Target Model of Public Procurement" by Alexander Galushka and Artur Niyazmetov published in the journal "Expert". The authors talk about the reasons for the constant decline in the efficiency of the public procurement system and come to the conclusion: by adjusting the relevant legislation, the issue cannot be resolved, a change in the model itself is required. 

"The root problem of the existing paradigm of the domestic contract system lies in its very spirit, which is not in obtaining the desired result at the right time, but in the presumption of malicious intent and endless struggle against it," the authors write. the whole field of poisonous chemicals, which together with them destroy useful plants and harm health. And on the scorched earth there are new types of weeds, more and more resistant to chemicals. "

The article provides disappointing statistics: in 2019, 40% of the total number of purchases with a total volume of 5,8 trillion rubles were declared invalid. At the end of the nine months of 2020, 45% of purchases with a total volume of 3,8 trillion rubles were declared invalid. The most common reasons for declaring purchases invalid is the filing of only one application (56% of cases) or the absence of applications as such (24% of cases). At the same time, the relative savings based on the results of procurement by competitive methods is only about 4%, and the number of violations since the entry into force of Law No. 44-FZ has more than quadrupled. Finally, the downward trend in the number of suppliers who took part in procurement continues (in 2019, the decrease was 25%), which indicates, in general, a decrease in the attractiveness and confidence in the system of state and municipal procurement.

According to Alexander Galushka and Artur Niyazmetov, the solution to the issue lies in “reorienting the contract system towards a result. For this, the customer must be responsible for this result and have the authority to ensure it.” For this, a federal procurement service could be created in the form of a public law company. or the functions of centralized supply could be assigned to one of the regulators.

Secondly, the authors believe, it is necessary to abandon the idea of ​​“a mixture of fetish of procedures with the primacy of price.” Big data analysis, rating of performers, and singling out groups of manufacturers offering goods directly from suppliers can come to the rescue.

Thirdly, it is proposed to provide for control over the spending of budgetary funds by the contractor up to the last ruble of the last counterparty in the entire chain of suppliers (subcontractors). Today, as the authors note, such opportunities are already actively used in the work of the Federal Tax Service of Russia and the Treasury.

The authors cite the models of the United States and South Korea as reference examples for organizing effective public procurement at the national level. It is noted that it is the Korean approach, where the Public Procurement Service operates, coupled with advanced digital know-how, that is most useful for learning and adopting experience. 

In conclusion, the authors note that the new law on the target model of public procurement, based on digital solutions and the best world experience, "will take several times fewer pages than the next amendments to Law No. 44-FZ." 

Note that Alexander Galushka, who is a member of the Presidium of the Government Commission for Economic Development and Integration, is currently also the Chairman of the Coordinating Council for National Projects and National Saving under the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation. The Coordinating Council regularly analyzes the implementation of national projects of the Russian Federation and comes up with initiatives to the Government of Russia to adjust the approaches and indicators of projects.

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