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Expert: "Only 10% of vessels used Russian ice harness on the Northern Sea Route"

The statistics of international traffic on the Northern Sea Route (SMP) today attests to the weakness of Russian positions in this region. Foreign vessels do not use the services of Russian icebreakers, and the ice conditions allow entering the polar latitudes even for ships of the non-ice class.

Speaking about the advantages of Russia in connection with the development of the Northern Sea Route, the general director of the International Center for Regional Development (ICRD), Igor Melamed, in an interview with noted that “this is a very difficult question, because it concerns the external borders of the Arctic” ...

"If the sectoral principle continued to operate from the extreme points to the North Pole, then this would be the sector of Russia's responsibility. Currently, there is a division within the framework of the Convention on the Law of the Sea. In this case, Russia owns the 200-mile zone. And given that the ice retreats, then, in fact, you can go not by the traditional Northern Sea Route, but by higher latitudes, which no longer fall into the Russian waters, "he explained.

According to him, “the navigation of the last year was very successful - 204 ships passed. However, only 10% of the ships used the Russian ice escort, all the rest went either with their own icebreakers, and in fact no one has nuclear power except Russia. "

“What is tricky about the Law of the Sea Convention?” Ships go higher latitudes, and if the ice begins to overwrite, then the nearest state, which has the capabilities, is obliged to save them. Extreme in this case, we are, ”said Igor Melamed. More details:

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