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The Far East is faced with the problem of the outflow of migrants
Olesya Fedortsova, Head of the Labor Migration Department, Forced and Voluntary Migrants of the Kamchatka Territory, told EastRussia how the new legislation had an impact on the state of the migration flow in the region.
According to the changes in immigration legislation, all labor migrants should be tested for knowledge of the Russian language, Russian history and legal foundations.
It will take about two weeks to undergo comprehensive testing and issue a certificate, explains Olesya Fedortsova. And this despite the fact that under the new terms, foreign citizens must apply to the FMS for the issuance of permits for work within 30 days from the date of arrival. And if earlier at the end of the term he could legally stay on the territory of Russia for another 15 days, now if the period of stay is exceeded, the migrant faces a fine of 10 to 15 thousand rubles. If the testing fails, then the foreigner will have to undergo training, and its minimum period is two weeks. "In this situation, I advise either to pass the exam and go home to calmly wait for the test results, or to take the exam directly at the place of permanent residence, because such an opportunity is also available" - explains Olesya Fedortsova. The issued certificate will be valid for 5 years.
The situation is complicated by the fact that the testing and printing of the appropriate certificate of testing is carried out not in the region, but in Moscow. “In Kamchatka, tests will be taken only at one university - KSU named after Vitus Bering, who has a department for teaching Russian as a foreign language. Then the documents are sent for verification to the RUDN University " - told EastRussia Olesya Fedortsova. It will cost 4900 rubles for labor migrants to pass an exam in the Russian language, history and jurisprudence, and 5300 rubles for those wishing to apply for a temporary residence permit. However, to date, examinations have not started in Kamchatka. For comparison, the Head of the Labor Migration Department of the Irkutsk Region, Asya Gorevaya, said that the first exam in Irkutsk had already taken place on January 5, but the certificates have not yet arrived, and the exact number of participants is unknown.
But even if the testing procedure is completed, the difficulties of obtaining a patent for a job do not end there. According to Olesya Fedortsova, at the moment the organization that will receive the necessary documents from foreign citizens has not started working. Earlier, Natalia Nitsenko, head of the Agency for Employment and Migration Policy of the Kamchatka Territory, explained to EastRussia that the Center for the Social Adaptation of Migrants had started work in the region, whose main task is to provide the latest information and advisory services. However, he is not engaged in receiving documents. Temporarily, until 2016, the regional FMS should assume this responsibility. After this deadline, all regions must decide which outside organization will be involved in this process. “Thus, the Federal Migration Service will only deal with the verification and processing of documents. Acceptance and issuance of documents will be handled by a third-party organization similar to the MFC, and information and consulting services will be provided by the relevant Migrant Adaptation Centers " - said the head of the department for labor migration in the region.
“In the Kamchatka Territory, 2014 patents and 4000 work permits were issued in 4000, in total, about 10-12 thousand people are employed, - says Head of the Department for Labor Migration, Forced and Voluntary Migrants of the Kamchatka Territory - On the one hand, it is not much. But on the other hand, this figure is significant, for example, for the Elizovsky municipal district. Spheres such as construction and housing and communal services, - explains Olesya Fedortsova, - Employers are shocked. Many migrants simply do not know how they will take the exam. Others do not understand at all what is at stake and decide to leave for their homeland. Their outflow is also noticeable with the naked eye - the boards leave Kamchatka clogged ".
In this regard, the situation is similar in the Irkutsk region. In the first 13 days of 2015, less foreigners arrived in Priangarye than in the same period last year, when about 1700 people arrived in the region, explained Asya Gorevaya. Their department also suggests that the main reason for the downward trend in incoming labor migrants was mandatory testing.
Another unresolved issue remains medical insurance for migrants. Today, according to Olesya Fedortsova, a decree of the Governor must come out, which will determine which of the documents will not be left to the migrant: an agreement with a medical organization or a policy of compulsory medical insurance. Most likely, foreign citizens will have a choice between these two documents.
However, despite all the difficulties, the Federal Migration Service of the Kamchatka Territory continues to work actively in this direction. So 20 January in 12: 00 will take place far from the first, but this time in a wider format a seminar with the participation of employers, diasporas and the Kamchatka diocese. The latter is ready to teach Russian migrants for free. At the same time, the Center for Social Adaptation helps evaluate their knowledge to migrants. “These are specialized lessons where you can assess and understand whether a labor migrant will be able to successfully pass a test in this discipline or whether he needs to sign up for specialized courses. As the groups are recruited, it is planned to organize similar courses " - Natalya Nitsenko, head of the Agency for Employment and Migration Policy, told EastRussia earlier. At the same time, the Center provides extensive information services: in one place a foreign citizen can get free consultations from representatives of the Federal Migration Service, executive authorities, tax service, pension fund, social insurance fund.Photo from primamedia.ru