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Far Eastern governors spoke about the fisheries complexes of their regions and industry problems
As the press service of the Government reports, a number of Far Eastern governors spoke at a meeting dedicated to the prospects for the development of the Russian fisheries complex, with the participation of Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, who was held today in Magadan.
Governor of the Magadan Region V.Pecheny
The complex of the Magadan region includes 69 mining and processing enterprises. Four hatcheries, whose design capacity is 120 million juveniles, are engaged in artificial reproduction of salmon. But, unfortunately, they actually work, perhaps, for a quarter or a third of their capabilities, primarily because they are seriously and morally obsolete, and in the quarter of a century of their existence, almost nothing has been done to functioned normally. Obsolete and technology.
In 2013, the Magadan fishermen caught more than 90 thousand tons of fish. Despite the fact that today the companies of the region receive quotas mainly for such liquid types of fish as pollock, herring, crabs, trumpeters, shrimps, their total volume is decreasing every year. Nevertheless, the withdrawal from the list of species of aquatic biological resources of industrial and coastal fisheries of commercial facilities for which no TAC is established attracted a wide range of interested enterprises and individual entrepreneurs to the industry.
The onshore capacities of our territory allow us to process up to 50 thousand tons of biological resources per year, largely due to the fact that over the past three years, enterprises have invested heavily in the expansion and modernization of the processing base. Last year, the region produced about 80 thousand tons of fish products, while the intraregional consumption is only about 6-6,5 thousand tons, the rest of the products are supplied to the regions of Russia and the APR countries.
Of course (today, during a visit to our institute, we talked about this), over the next few years, the territory’s fish industry will experience a decrease in volumes and allocated quotas - this is due to objective factors, and today we have heard this forecast again, - a decrease in total stocks commercial objects (pollack, herring), and especially we are concerned with regard to salmon.
What could be done in this situation? In our opinion, the development of pasture-based fish farming and the formation of new commercial brood stocks of Pacific salmon can be promising points of intraregional zones of priority development (in this case, of course, I mean first of all our region).
This, in my opinion, one of the important tasks for us is to restore the herd of salmon in our territory. To do this, of course, will require the reconstruction of existing, the construction of new salmon fish hatcheries. The improvement of the federal legislation will make it possible to increase the efficiency of the fishing industry, but this has already been mentioned, it’s just really a problem that everyone has in the language. This is a repeated crossing of the state border, and here, of course, this issue needs to be resolved, since it complicates the work.
Secondly, to reduce duplicate procedures in catch control. After the introduction of compulsory registration of catches in Russian ports, the presence of security officers on extractive transport ships at sea seems to be an unnecessary measure.
Thirdly, along with the introduction of the permit for catching aquatic biological resources of its electronic version, certified by an electronic digital signature of an official of the authorized body. Of course, these changes will reduce the downtime of vessels and the loss of fishing time, will significantly reduce the financial costs of enterprises.
Investments and planning activities of enterprises for the long-term perspective are not promoted by the initiative of various structures to revise the historical principle of securing shares in the catch quotas of aquatic biological resources.
“In 2013, Magadan fishermen caught more than 90 thousand tons of fish. The onshore capacities of our territory allow us to process up to 50 thousand tons of biological resources per year ”.
I would simply ask you to support the transfer to regional ownership at this stage. (port capacity)in order for various forms of public-private partnership ... We would be the initiators and owners of this problem.
Governor of Kamchatka Krai V. Ilyukhin
Kamchatka provides almost a third of all Far Eastern catches and a fifth of the Russian catch. For the first time in the post-Soviet period, we reached a million tons (this is in 2012) production. Of course, the fishing industry in the regional economy plays a major role - this is more than half of the industrial output and about 90% of the regional export potential.
Today we produce about 800 thousand tons of fish products, last year only products were shipped for 3,4 billion rubles.
Of course, the issues of state regulation of the industry are very important for us, and the measures that have been taken in recent years inspire some confidence that the industry will develop. Our investment in the development of coastal infrastructure over the past five years has exceeded 8 billion rubles. Moreover, seven state fishing vessels have been built for Coasting, 15 has been opened to modern high-tech fish processing plants, and 2 thousand new jobs have been opened. For the first time in many years, we now have the bulk of the catch of Pacific salmon being processed ashore - from 30 to 70% we have increased this figure. Therefore, of course, today both federal and regional support have enabled fish producers to develop and invest in the development of enterprises. I want to say that in Kamchatka we have Kamchatka enterprises invested 15 rubles of their own investments for every budget ruble. Despite the seemingly such a high economic effect, this year the volume of financial support of our fishing enterprises from the federal budget has been significantly reduced. Those subsidies that were used to pay interest on loans for the construction and modernization of the fleet in the 2010 year, which was just mentioned today, and onshore processing facilities, were provided for 400 million rubles, this year only 6 million the amount is for the whole country. Therefore, I would like, of course, that these volumes be restored. This measure of state support gives a real effect, and, of course, it is impossible today to leave it without consideration.
The problem that concerns today all coastal subjects who are engaged in fishing (I today, I think, will express the opinion of all my colleagues here) is the departure of fishing enterprises from coastal territories. The 2007 amendments to the Law on Fisheries have opened access to coastal quotas for almost everyone. If earlier, only companies registered in this subject could fish in the coastal waters of the subject, then today the legislation allows free re-registration in any territory of the country. Thus, over the past four years, Kamchatka has lost 25 of such enterprises, together with them 80 thousand quotas have gone. At the auctions for the Kamchatka riparian, companies are announced that have no relation to the peninsula at all. Along with leaving the territory, incomes from the activities of fishing enterprises also go away, the very principle of coastal fishing is violated, and this directly affects the prospects for the development of the fishing industry. I would like to eliminate this, I believe, legislative collision and return quotas to the coast and to the coast, to the territory to which they belong today. Otherwise, we generally can remain today without coastal waters, and budgets and territories - without taxes.
Today a lot has been said about the development of the resource base. Of course, I very much support these things. Today, in the North Pacific, 700 hatcheries are operating, mainly Japanese and American. We have all 56 of such plants in the Far East, 5 of them are located in Kamchatka.
Every year, our Kamchatka plants produce about 45 million fry in rivers. This year, artificial reproduction funds have been sequestered, and today the enterprises do not have enough funds to grow almost 13 million Pacific salmon fry planted in incubators last year. What will happen to them? This is irrecoverable damage to the salmon population in the south of Kamchatka, and we are talking about restoring wild herds.
I would like these amounts of financing to be restored, especially since this is a federal platform, not a regional one. We cannot, unfortunately, contribute in any way to resolving this issue.
There is a lot of talk about aquaculture today, and I must say that today we are ready to build 14 fish hatcheries with the participation (under PPP) of private investors, but the law does not allow today to do this for one simple reason: the one who builds Has the opportunity to use this product. It is necessary to amend the current legislation.
Governor of Sakhalin Region A. Khoroshavin
Here are a few words about aquaculture I wanted to say. Salmon hatcheries play a significant role in the further development of this important area. We have 38 of them. Colleagues called 5, 18 - we have 38. And 1,8 billion, this figure sounded ... We release 800 million fry and are ready to build a dozen more, now a private business is worth the money. They will allow us to significantly increase the commercial salmon stock. With an annual release of 800 million fry, the enterprises can harvest about 70 thousand tons of fish in a year.
We believe that in order to attract investments in the aquaculture industry and further increase the number of such plants, it is necessary to legislate for reproducing enterprises the right to catch commercial returns.
Dmitry Medvedev: Is there no such thing now?
A. Khoroshavin: And now there is no such thing, now they are distributed on a general basis, and it is considered state property.
The analysis shows that the main obstacle to the development of the industry are administrative barriers. For example, in recent years, the industry has failed to overcome the redundancy of the powers of veterinary control and supervision of fish caught in the maritime fishing areas of the Russian Federation. I will not dwell in detail, my colleagues have already worked on this issue and voiced it. I would ask to include in the minutes of the meeting a request for additional consideration of the issue of exclusion from the draft law “On Veterinary Medicine” and technical regulations of the norm, enshrining veterinary and sanitary examination of fish caught in the marine areas of the Russian Federation.
Unfortunately, the problem of excessive administrative regulation exists in cooperation with the border service. Colleagues told about it, today this problem results in many hours of vessel downtime and delays in the fishery, respectively, and financial costs for companies. In this regard, I ask you to instruct to work out the issue of making appropriate amendments to the Law on the State Border, as well as to speed up the introduction of amendments to Resolution No. 560 on obtaining permits to repeatedly cross the state border of the Russian Federation by Russian fishing vessels. The sooner we do this, the better.
Another sore point is the lack of research. She sounded in the report, thanks, Nikolai Vasilyevich (Referring to N. Fedorov). This problem already today has a tangible effect on the results of the activities of the fisheries complex of the region, and in the future will lead to a widespread biased assessment of commercial stocks. We faced this already this year in the Northern Kuriles, where there was a decrease in pollock production by 15% due to the lack of funds from SakhNIRO to conduct a scientific survey in the area. We believe that it would be advisable to increase federal funding for relevant research. We are ready to participate in this work.
Another suggestion. It did not sound, maybe for the first time. It is associated with an increase in the implementation of state purchases of fish. Unfortunately, we must admit that the main objects of fishing for our fishermen - pollock, salmon, herring - practically do not fall into educational institutions, public health services, military units, state reserve and so on. World experience shows that overseas do not hesitate to carry out state purchases of domestic fish for all sorts of purposes, if necessary. For example, more than 15 thousand tons of pollock fillets of the highest quality are sold annually in American schools. For comparison, I will say that Russian enterprises produce about 30 thousand tons of pollock fillets per year. Due to the stimulation of state and municipal purchases, production with a high degree of processing can significantly grow. The federal law on the contract system, which entered into force this year, can become a legal basis for increasing the capacity of the domestic market of fish products, expanding the purchase of domestic fish. I believe that the Federal Agency for Fisheries, together with the regions and other interested agencies, will be able to work on this issue.
Finally, within the framework of the federal target program for the social and economic development of the Kuril Islands, with the participation of the Sakhalin Region, hydraulic structures in the Northern Kuriles were built, partly for our money. Later, there was a problem with the legal registration of their belonging. This question must be streamlined in one way or another.
A colleague spoke on the port of Magadan. He is no match, of course, with the Kuriles does not go, it is much more. What can we say: if there is no attention to such a port, then nobody is practically engaged in the Northern Kuriles. As an option, we offer to really (and you are right in this regard) to transfer these objects to regional ownership and, according to the law, determine the operating company. This was done in relation to other hydraulic structures at other ports in Kuril.