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D. Medvedev: "Poaching in the sphere of fisheries complex in the past ten years decreased three-fold"

"We managed to reduce illegal fishing, although it is obvious that there are still big problems with this. But there is still a tendency to reduce illegal fishing, and, according to expert estimates, the volume of poaching has dropped several times, three times over the past ten years." , - said D. Medvedev at a meeting devoted to the prospects for the development of the fishery complex of Russia, held today in Magadan.

He added that further development of the industry can be achieved through aquaculture - commercial fishing. "This scenario is supported, first of all, by the world experience. The volume of world fishing until 2011 was at the level of 90 million tons per year, and the volume of commercial fishing during this period increased to 63 million tons from 47 million tons," the prime minister said.

He noted that aquaculture occupies a significant place in the global structure of aquatic biological resources extraction. "For example, in Israel it is 88%, the volume of fish production in China is 70%, in Norway - 33%, in Japan - 13%. Why there are only 13 in Japan, it is easy to guess, because we are close by, and you can not do this , but it is easier to come to an agreement with us, either legally or otherwise, "added D. Medvedev.

He noted that the share of fishing in the world production volume is about 40%, while Russia produces only 3% of aquaculture production from the total production volume. “At the same time, our potential for this direction is, of course, enormous, given the length of our coast, taking into account the area of ​​inland freshwater reservoirs. Russia could really make a revolution in this sense,” Medvedev recalled.

According to him, traditional problems remain, including the deterioration of infrastructure, fishing vessels and insufficient funding for scientific research.

"It is very important here that we now quickly complete the development of a departmental target program for the development of aquaculture in order to stimulate the attraction of private investment on a long-term basis," Agriculture Minister Nikolai Fyodorov said.

According to him, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rosrybolovstvo are currently actively engaged in this issue and expect to discuss the relevant project in the government within a few weeks or a maximum of months.

At the same time, according to the prime minister, positive dynamics has been observed in the industry over the past five years. "I cannot say that these are fantastic successes, but on the whole, it is rather a positive trend, because the catch of fish itself has increased by 13% (in 2013)," Dmitry Medvedev recalled.

According to him, the share of domestic fish food products in the domestic market increased from 72,5% in 2009 to 78% in 2013. "But we need to reach the level of 80%, which is determined by the food security doctrine. We are not far from this figure, but it is desirable to cover it, especially since we have a special situation, and we are a country that has unique opportunities, in contrast to a huge number other states, "the prime minister said.

The export potential of the Russian fisheries industry has also increased. According to Rosstat, the supply of fish and seafood abroad in recent years has increased by 37%. The prime minister noted that exports mainly accounted for the APEC countries, and almost all imports go to the European part of Russia.

He noticed that fish began to appear on the tables of Russians much more often. "According to preliminary data, last year every Russian ate on average 22 kg of fish (per year), which is more than two kilograms more than in 2009," he said.

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