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Measures will be developed to protect the rights of indigenous peoples in the implementation of traditional fisheries
On May 16, Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation - Head of the Federal Agency for Fisheries Ilya Shestakov held a meeting, during which issues related to traditional fishing carried out by the indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation (SIM) were discussed, the press service reported Rosrybolovstvo.
In particular, they discussed measures aimed at protecting the rights of indigenous peoples in the implementation of traditional fisheries, and concerning changes in the procedure for providing aquatic biological resources for their use.
The meeting was attended by employees of the central office of the Russian Fishery Agency, representatives of the Barents-White Sea, Amur, Sakhalin-Kuril, Northeastern and Okhotsk territorial departments, as well as the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia and the Ministry of Regional Development of Russia and representatives of the executive authorities of the Russian Federation. The main report was made by the head of the Directorate for the Organization of Fisheries, Andrei Gornykh.
As was noted, the declarative principle of granting aquatic biological resources for use by persons belonging to indigenous peoples is currently applied. Often, residents of areas remote from the administrative center face difficulties in submitting applications.
At the same time, quotas for the implementation of traditional fisheries are determined as a matter of priority, and the catch volume for other types of fisheries is determined by the residual principle. Often this is used by unscrupulous fish-farmers, as currently there are difficulties in determining the applicants to the SIM.
After the adoption of standards that ensure the priority access of small peoples to aquatic biological resources, the number of applications for fishing has increased many times, the number of communities only in the Kamchatka region has increased tenfold in recent years. There is a practice of submitting applications for catching unreasonably large volumes, including valuable species of aquatic bioresources, due to which the volumes of aquatic bioresources for other significant types of fisheries are reduced.
Within the framework of the meeting, the issues of resolving the listed problems were considered, including the issues of making changes to the list of places of traditional residence and activities of indigenous peoples. In addition, the draft federal law "On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation Regarding the Regulation of Relations in the Field of Traditional Fishing" was discussed.
To change the current situation, it is proposed to create a register of persons belonging to small peoples leading traditional lifestyles and carrying out traditional economic activities, as well as abolish the declarative principle and give this category of citizens the right to catch without providing fishing grounds, without permission to produce to meet personal, family home needs. The right to catch is proposed to be granted in accordance with the limits on extraction of aquatic biological resources, which will be determined by the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in coordination with the authorized federal executive bodies in the field of fisheries, with the exception of rare and endangered species of aquatic biological resources.
At the same time, there is a need to consolidate the concepts of "traditional economic activity", "traditional way of life" at the legislative level.
Following the meeting, the head of Rosrybolovstvo instructed to discuss in more detail the identified problems and prepare agreed proposals on the settlement of the situation in the near future. "It is necessary, without delay, to develop an effective mechanism for regulating traditional fisheries, and not solve problems on the ground in the mode of manual control," Ilya Shestakov summed up.