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Anti-crisis plan of Buryatia: reduction of the number of ministries and the merger of management structures
In Buryatia approved a plan of priority actions to ensure sustainable development of the economy and social stability of the republic at 2015-2017 years.
In 2015, 14,9 billion will be allocated for its implementation. Including from the federal budget - 2,8 billion rubles, from the national budget - 7,3 billion rubles, from local budgets - 32,4 million rubles. In addition, from the territorial fund of compulsory medical insurance, it is planned to receive 1 billion rubles, from extrabudgetary sources - 3,6 billion rubles.
According to EastRussia, the anti-crisis plan of Buryatia was adopted in two stages. At the first stage, the program itself was presented. After that, the regional authorities took a break so that everyone who considers it necessary to correct something in the document could make appropriate proposals. The Ministry of Economy was also instructed to process all these instructions and report at the second meeting which of the proposed measures were reflected in the document and which were not. According to the regional Ministry of Economy, it received more than 50 proposals from 11 stakeholders, including public chambers, the social insurance fund, farmers' association, the ombudsman for entrepreneurs and ordinary citizens. Based on the results of the analysis of the proposals, the ministry reported that 6 proposed measures have already been provided for by the anti-crisis plan, 6 more have been included as a result of consideration and 38 are now underway. In total, 108 events in four blocks.
As the press service of the regional government reports, the first block of measures of the anti-crisis plan is aimed at boosting economic growth. It involves reducing the inefficient spending of the republic's budget in 2015 by an amount of 1,1 billion rubles, as well as reducing inefficient expenditures of local budgets. At the same time, measures are envisaged to ensure that the budgets of municipal districts are balanced in the amount of 70 million rubles.
Commenting on the nearest plans of the authorities, the head of the region Vyacheslav Nagovitsyn said: "First of all, you need to" squeeze costs "both at the management level and in the budgetary network: the most effective use of budgetary money". He said that the current expenses will be reduced by 10%, in particular, the merger of some management structures in the government of the republic is planned, the number of ministries will be reduced. Additional funds will also be provided.
The first block of measures also provides for a number of measures for import substitution and support of non-primary exports. In 2015, it is planned to implement investment projects in agriculture to increase the production of meat, milk, eggs, vegetables, fish to the amount of 1,8 billion rubles.
In addition, it is planned to prepare proposals on the application in the republic of additional tax preferences for a single tax on imputed income, a simplified taxation system, a patent taxation system and the provision of two-year "tax holidays" for newly registered individual entrepreneurs. This year, state support will be provided to small and medium-sized enterprises in the amount of 195,5 million rubles and small innovative enterprises for 5 million rubles, the press service informs.
"We are increasing the support of agriculture to introduce our products to the market, if we notice that we are increasing support for entrepreneurship, business, big business - everything that gives us additional revenues to the budget and creates additional jobs", - explained the governor.
The second block of measures is aimed at supporting the system-forming branches of the economy of the republic. Thus, 30 million rubles are planned to be allocated to support OJSC Ulan-Uestalmost. These funds will be used to compensate for the use of loans from commercial banks. A subsidy in the amount of 72 million rubles is provided for compensation of the initial installment under finance leases for OJSC "Milk of Buryatia". In the process of approval, there is documentation for the provision of a state guarantee in the amount of 1,5 billion rubles to the Selenga Central Control Commission, a project for the modernization of pulp and paperboard production.
State support will be provided to agricultural enterprises. In the republican budget, this is provided for in the amount of 344,5 million rubles. In addition, 125 million rubles are planned to attract from the federal budget. In particular, measures are envisaged for the development of small forms of farming in the countryside for 65 million rubles.
In order to provide the population with agricultural products at the producer's prices and to ensure sales to peasant farms, the mechanism of the "Food Certificate" will be introduced. As specified by Tatiana Dumnova, Minister of Economy of Buryatia, residents and farmers of the republic will be able to conclude contracts for the purchase and sale of the future harvest at today's price. Also, to ensure direct access of consumers to local agricultural products with minimal trade mark-ups, it is planned to increase the number of farms selling local products and to hold weekly weekend fairs for the sale of agricultural products.
The plan and measures to increase the availability of mortgage housing loans for the population are envisaged. This is compensation for interest rates for certain categories of citizens. Particular attention will be paid to measures to ensure uninterrupted operation and modernization of public infrastructure facilities. For this purpose in the current year more than 460 million rubles are envisaged.
Work will continue on the development of mono-profile municipal entities. To implement their integrated investment plans, the budget of the republic provides 32 million rubles and 1,5 billion rubles of extra-budgetary funds.
The third block of the Plan is aimed at ensuring social stability. Within the framework of this block, measures will be implemented to promote employment of the population and preserve jobs, including the implementation of additional activities in the field of employment.
Social support will be provided to low-income citizens for payment of housing and communal services, a lump sum payment at the expense of the republican maternity capital in the amount of 50 thousand rubles, free or with a discount 50%, provision of medicines for individuals and categories of diseases.
In general, in order to ensure social stability in the budget of the Republic of Buryatia for 2015 year, in terms of social benefits and guarantees, expenses in the amount of 4,8 billion rubles are planned.
"Undoubtedly, we will improve the system of social protection of the population, pass to targeted assistance, as our President said, to give money first and foremost to people in need", - commented Head of the region Vyacheslav Nagovitsyn.
The last block includes monitoring and monitoring the situation in the economy and social sphere. Prices for food and medicinal products, fuel and lubricants, tariffs for social services and housing and communal services will be monitored. It is planned to conclude agreements between the Government of the Republic, trade networks and commodity producers on the establishment of trade mark-up on socially important categories of goods not exceeding 30%.
To date, in all 23 municipalities in a daily mode, prices for socially important goods are tracked. In turn, monitoring data are reviewed at the operational headquarters under the Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Republic on the economic issue Alexander Chepike. A similar interdepartmental working group was established under the Prosecutor's Office of the Republic.
In the plan quantitative and qualitative indicators of an estimation of efficiency of realization of actions are established. Responsibility for each section is assigned to the supervised Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Republic.