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Alternative Energy for the Far East
Ustin Kolbin, the head of the project group of ZAO ElTech SPb, believes that Russia has a huge potential for the development of alternative energy sources. He stated this at the round table “Real energy saving during modernization on specific examples. Financing mechanisms, attracting a contractor, implementation ”, which took place the other day in St. Petersburg within the framework of the IV International Congress“ Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency - Development Dynamics ”.
According to Kolbin, it is especially important to develop energy based on alternative energy sources in the Far East. “The issue of the advanced development of Siberia and the Far East is strategic for Russia. Its solution provides a technological breakthrough and restart of the industry, as well as solves the issue of access and distribution of resources, finding new, including renewable sources and alternative ways of obtaining and using resources, ”he said.
Kolbin believes that alternative energy can serve as a locomotive that will pull the Far East along with it, and there are all the prerequisites for this. “About 15% of the population (30% of the territory) in the Far East live in zones isolated from central power supply networks. In isolated areas, the share of diesel fuel consumption for electricity generation reaches 90%, and there are about 500 diesel power plants operating in the region, with a total capacity of about 670 MW. One kW of "diesel" electricity costs more than 30 rubles, and the total consumption of diesel fuel is estimated at 254 thousand tons annually, or almost 9 billion rubles, "he stressed.
According to the specialist, in particular for the Far East, the development of geothermal energy can be a good option. “On the territory of the Russian Federation, at depths of 5-6 km, the resources of geothermal energy are 4-6 times higher than the resources of hydrocarbons. More than 3 wells have already been drilled to explore geothermal resources in Russia, and the cost of geothermal exploration and drilling operations already completed, in current prices, is more than 000 billion US dollars, ”he said. If we talk about the potential of the Far East, then, according to Kolbin, the already identified geothermal resources make it possible to fully provide Kamchatka with electricity and heat for more than 4 years. There are also significant reserves of geothermal heat (on the border with the Kamchatka region) in Chukotka, and some of them have already been discovered and can be actively used to supply energy to nearby cities and towns. If we talk about the reserves of geothermal sources of the Kuril Islands, then they are enough to provide the territory for 100-100 years.
"The advantages of geothermal energy sources are inexhaustibility, as well as the fact that the cost of 1 kWh (el) and 1 Gcal (heat) is lower than that of traditional sources," he said. In addition, according to him, GeoPPs can be fully automated, and there is also the possibility of building low-power installations to supply individual objects and private houses.