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A.Galushka told about the directions of the development of transport infrastructure in the circumpolar territories
The Minister of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East, Alexander Galushka, took part in the retreat of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, chaired by N.P. Patrushev, which took place in Anadyr, the press service of the Ministry of Eastern and Eastern Development reported.
The meeting addressed the development of transport infrastructure in the circumpolar territories of the Far East and the provision of transport security.
In his speech, the head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East noted that the development of transport infrastructure is an integral part of the practical implementation of Russia's national priority, namely, the advanced development of the Far East. Alexander Galushka voiced the main directions for the development of the transport infrastructure of the circumpolar territory, which are already being implemented within the framework of various state programs, and which should be included. These proposals were developed jointly with the leadership of the subjects of the Russian Federation of the Far East.
So, for today, according to the federal target program, the construction of 33 airports of local airlines is planned, in particular in remote circumpolar regions of Yakutia, Chukotka, Magadan region, and the Kamchatka Territory. For the implementation of the program, primarily for the construction and reconstruction of runways and airports in the circumpolar, 78,3 billion rubles are provided from the federal budget. until 2018 year. 2.2 bn. Rub. is provided for the reconstruction and construction of facilities in the seaports of the macroregion.
- The current program in its current form is not able to fully solve the accumulated problems of infrastructure development in the circumpolar territories. Therefore, it is additionally necessary to continue work on the development of the seaports "Cape Verde" and "Tiksi", to work out the construction of a deep-water year-round sea terminal. And also to continue the development of the port in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky in terms of increasing the depth up to 12 m and seismic resistance up to 10 m. In addition, this territory is classified by the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East as a promising site for creating a TOP, said Alexander Galushka.
Today, 4 road construction programs are being implemented in the Far East, while the total length of roads under construction is 229 km, which is unacceptably short for the polar regions.
According to the head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, it is necessary to unite the transport systems of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Magadan Region, the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in order to provide access to the transport routes connecting the Far East with the western territory of Russia, and in the future - the transit of goods from the Asia-Pacific countries to the seaport for further transportation of goods along the Northern Sea Route.
Alexander Galushka also announced the necessary volumes of work on the development of highways, railways and shipbuilding. Separately, he dwelt on the issue of sources of financing activities for the development of transport infrastructure.
The first source of funding is the redistribution of funds within the framework of government programs.
- For a number of programs today, there is an extreme underfunding of the regions of the Far East in comparison with the middle Russia. This problem has been raised for a long time and the Prime Minister has already given 4 extremely important instructions in this direction. As a result, we now have the opportunity to coordinate special sections in state programs regarding the priority development of the Far East, ”Alexander Galushka stressed.
The second source of funding is the development of public-private partnerships. According to the head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, a corresponding draft law has already been developed and is under consideration by the State Duma of the Russian Federation. The third source of financing, according to Alexander Galushka, may be the funds of the National Welfare Fund, directed to the most complex and long-term infrastructure projects of the circumpolar territories.