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Area of special attention
The Magadan SEZ will work under the new rules
Balance the balance
According to the St. Petersburg Policy Research Foundation, the Magadan Region consistently ranks one of the first places in the stability ratings of Russian regions. Thus, in one of the recent ratings, the region scored 8,3 points out of 10 possible. Experts linked the high results to the work of the regional government to extend the regime of the Special Economic Zone until 2025, and as a result - to improve the economic situation, attract investors, implement new large-scale projects, etc. The following figures speak for themselves: from 2000 (the SEZ was created in 1999) to 2013, the volume of industrial products produced by the SEZ participants increased from 6,4 to 47,9 billion rubles. The results of the last year are also impressive.
Despite this, the extension of the Special Economic Zone at the end of 2013 turned out to be undeniable. At the level of the federal Ministry of Finance, the question arose: how expedient is it to continue working in this mode? Doubts were caused by incomes falling out of the budget - and this happened as a result of the granting of tax benefits to the participants of the SEZ.
“In 2013, we worked in conditions of the termination of the economic zone, which was disheartening,” said the governor of the Magadan region, Vladimir Pecheny. - In conditions when not everyone understands the effectiveness of its actions, changes in legislation, in particular Law No. 267-FZ, which formulated one of the benefits for all Far Eastern regions - zero profit tax rate for participants of regional investment projects - did not even give us opportunities to hope that the special economic zone regime in the region will be extended. But if we talk about the law, it is pinpoint and does not apply to everyone. Therefore, at the first meeting with President Vladimir Putin, I formulated the need to continue the work of the SEZ in a new format that would meet the new legislation in force. At the same time, given that the Magadan region has its own characteristics and not all common approaches can be applied here. Our persistent work has led to the appearance of the assignment President, thanks to which the SEZ regime (not without compromise) will continue to operate. And today our task is to attract as many participants as possible. Unfortunately, over the years that the SEZ regime is in operation, a number of large enterprises implementing investment projects here imported equipment and equipment worth tens of millions of dollars in large volumes, but for some reason did not take advantage of the privileges of the zone. In the future, such situations should be avoided. ”
As for doubts about the need for SEZ, the experts have unanimous opinion on this score: to look in this case is necessary for the future.
So, the decision to extend the operation of the Magadan SEZ was accepted. What are the new rules on which it will work?
Let's go wide
One of the main innovations is connected with the expansion of the SEZ territory. Until now, it has operated mainly in the capital of the region, but now it will spread to the entire Magadan region, because, as Governor V. Pecheny noted, the largest investment projects are still being implemented outside the region's capital. Among them is the development of the Yano-Kolyma gold province, the development of the Primagadan shelf, the development of the Oroek metallogenic zone in the Srednekansky district of the Magadan region and the construction of the Oroek copper smelter, the construction of the South Omolon Metallurgical Combine, the construction of a mining and processing plant and the extraction of iron ore from the South Omolon ore cluster , Industrial development of the Lankovo and Melkovodninsky brown coal deposits, the development of the Tuskano-Vidichensky cement deposit rd and the construction of the plant where the extraction of limestone rocks.
And the second most important moment is the expansion of the list of benefits, which will primarily affect companies that are leading projects of this scale.
In addition, as reported by EastRussia.ru in the administration of the SEZ of the Magadan region, since a number of government decrees have now become invalid, the enterprises in the key mining industry will be able to use these benefits, which until now has been impossible. In general, the procedure and conditions for making investments, enshrined in the Agreement between the administration of the SEZ and the enterprise - participant of the Special Economic Zone, will remain almost unchanged.
"I want to draw attention to the fact that this agreement can not be directed to the extraction of crude oil and natural gas, the production and processing of excisable goods (excluding cars and motorcycles), wholesale and retail trade and provision of personal services," said A. Chumakova.
However, for participants of the SEZ, registered before 31 December 2014, the exemption from corporate income tax and the free customs zone procedure will be extended up to 2020. This applies to those enterprises that do not fall into the "preferential list" envisaged by the new version of the law.
Hopefully, the renewed preferential regime of the SEZ will attract, in addition to the existing, new investors, above all those who are ready to develop the industry, in the region are pinning a “game by the new rules” in the region. “We expect an increase in the number of participants in the Special Economic Zone, the rise of industry, economic growth and growth of payments to the extra-budgetary fund. The latter is spent exclusively on important social and communal facilities of the region, so that the benefits to the Magadan region will be tangible. The SEZ regime in the territory of the Magadan Oblast, subject to the introduction of a number of changes, is an excellent mechanism for the rapid implementation of new approaches to the development of the economy of the Far East. With its help, it is possible, without delay, in the already built legal space, to implement the state policy of turning the Far East into a modern competitive region, ”said V. Pecheny.
According to experts, the Magadan region is exactly the region in which the SEZ regime is necessary for development and for attracting investors.
For 9 years since the Federal Law on SEZ came into force, 28 special economic zones were created in Russia. Six of them are industrial parks (industrial-type SEZ), 14 - tourist zones (SEZ of tourist-recreational type), 3 - port zones (transport and logistics SEZ), 5 - technology parks (SEZ of technical-innovative type).
At 1 January 2014, the number of investors who invested in the Russian SEZ reached 370 (a year ago there were only 80), and the amount of investments announced by investors amounted to 430,5 billion rubles at the same date.
At the same time, experts say, the effectiveness of the SEZ can only be talked about after the 10-15 years.