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"Golden hands" just do not grow so
Position ASI: competitions of young professionals and children's technoparks are designed to stimulate the growth of human resources in Primorye and the Far East in general
The development of the economy in the Primorsky Territory is seriously hampered by the lack of demand by the local industrial business for those personnel supplied by regional vocational education institutions. Why? The participants of the round table, which took place on March 31 in Vladivostok on the initiative of the Far Eastern office of the Agency for Strategic Initiatives (ASI), tried to answer this question.
blue-collar occupations according to WorldSkillsRussia standards (WorldSkills is an international non-profit movement aimed at increasing the prestige of blue-collar occupations and developing vocational education by holding corresponding championships in countries and regions where young specialists from different industries compete with each other in professional skills).
Why is Primorye business cold to WorldSkills?
“The Far East WorldSkills will be held in Khabarovsk from April 21 to 24. A total of at least 500 people will take part in it. More than two hundred technical college and vocational school students will demonstrate their skills across 42 competencies. And with the help of a round table in Vladivostok - which unites representatives of business, government and educational institutions - we want to announce this championship as much as possible, to draw the attention of Primorye businessmen to it. So that they go and see what golden hands and bright heads could work for them.
Alas, with the exception of a few large industrial enterprises in the region, others, smaller ones, are not active customers of the personnel produced by our vocational education system. Meanwhile, among these guys there are real virtues of their business. For example, welders (Primorye is traditionally a strong welding school). And when representatives of foreign companies see the level of their skills - at the same WorldSkills championships - they tear them with hands and feet to work in international corporations with a worldwide reputation, ”she said before the start of the round table in an interview with the correspondent. ER Olga Kurilova, head of the ASI representative office in the Far Eastern Federal District.
The discussion itself turned into an extremely lively discussion, during which several interesting and very useful (in terms of recommendations to the regional leadership and business) theses were voiced.
So, according to the deputy director of the Department of Education and Science of the Primorsky Territory, Ekaterina Chernivtskaya, participation in WorldSkills competitions is a very expensive event for the regional budget (despite the fact that the authorities of Primorye support these championships and recognize their need both at the federal and regional levels).
“But we have such a situation in the region that, as a rule, all the costs (and they are very big) associated with the equipment of competitive places and so on are borne by the region, and not by the enterprises, which seem to be the most interested party.
The region, represented by our department, is investing in the creation of training and certification centers, centers for advanced training, thorough preparation of participants in WorldSkills and other professional competitions. But a number of enterprises often refuse young specialists graduated from our vocational education institutions. Say, your young people come out with a diploma of the third category, and we need specialists of the fifth or sixth category. Or: they, they say, are not ready to work on our modern equipment, etc. ", - complained Ekaterina Chernivtskaya.
In response, some business representatives objected in the spirit that they had an internal corporate training system that had been debugged over the years and it would be unreasonable to change it to the state one.
And the director of the Ekolos group of companies (production of treatment facilities) Alexei Burdyuk argued that it is not profitable to locate production in Primorye at all: “Energy, transport, production costs here are on average 20% higher than in central Russia. That is why production personnel are not particularly in demand here. The entire local economy is mainly focused on trade. "
Yevgeny Makarov, Deputy Managing Director of the Arsenyevskaya aircraft building company Progress, gave a positive example of the optimal combination of corporate and state systems for training technical personnel: “We have a branch of the Far Eastern Federal University in our city, with an Aviation College attached to it. And on this basis, we train both engineering specialists for our enterprise and mid-level specialists. Plus, a training center and an institute such as mentoring, when experienced masters transfer their skills to students, are successfully operating within the enterprise itself ... ".
From techno toys to techno discoveries
Another lively topic for discussion was the ASI initiative “A New Model of Continuing Education for Children” (the goal is to involve as many children as possible in engineering, design and research activities, so that, as adults, they connect their professional future with it). The model has already begun to be implemented in a number of subjects of the Russian Federation - in particular, in the Khabarovsk Territory - in the form of so-called children's technoparks. In some ways, they are analogs of Children's Art Centers or Pioneer Houses during the Soviet era, but the emphasis is on the technical component. In such technology centers, a student can receive (at the expense of the state and interested enterprises) additional education in such areas as: cyber physics, auto-, space-, aeromodelling, neuro-, biotechnology, programming, etc.
Olga Kurilova and Ekaterina Chernivitskaya, within the framework of the round table, advocated the early introduction of this practice in Primorye.
They were partially objected by Dmitry Alekseev, general director of the DNS digital stores network (by the way, his holding has been operating a children's robotics development center for more than two years). He admitted that he didn’t like the name “technopark”. And he would prefer that these were hobby schools, and not only technically oriented, but others as well: ballet, music, art, economics, etc. In addition, Alekseev does not yet see how technoparks could solve the problem of leaving the region for talented and engineering-savvy youth. Rather the opposite.
And the director of the non-governmental educational institution "Asia-Pacific School" Elena Novikova in general questioned the need to push the child into the framework of some specialization from an early age. In her opinion, in childhood it is necessary to lay in it the foundations of humanitarian education, the ability to build social ties. And everything professional will follow at an older age.
Profession: there is where to grow ...
Despite understandable disagreements, the participants in the discussion came to the general conclusion that such an aspect as industrial and technical education plays an extremely important role at the present stage of Russia's development. And Primorye has room to grow in this regard. So, at the end of last year, the regional share of graduates in industrial production, agriculture, construction, transport and communications from the total number of people employed in these sectors turned out to be one of the lowest in the country - only 1,64%.
At the same time, the regional policy in the field of vocational education is based on the "Strategy for the socio-economic development of the Primorsky Territory until 2020" and provides for the creation of innovative clusters in the agricultural sector, mechanical engineering and shipbuilding, petrochemistry, and energy. The cluster approach in vocational education in Primorye is implemented within the framework of social partnership agreements.
Thus, very effective cooperation has been established with the enterprises of the Far Eastern Center of Shipbuilding and Ship Repair (a subsidiary of the United Shipbuilding Corporation). In vocational guidance work, the enterprise is at the forefront, - emphasizes Ekaterina Chernivtskaya, - for which the Far Eastern Shipbuilding College trains workers and mid-level specialists. Schoolchildren and their families are provided with complete information about the possibility of obtaining a demanded education with the support of an employer and subsequent employment at an enterprise.
The same practice of interaction between colleges has developed with grid energy companies, with the Russian Post, the Pacific Bridge Construction Company, Primsnabkontrakt and Rosneft enterprises.
In addition, there are: a large multi-level college (prepares qualified workers and middle-level specialists) in the region, as well as an Autonomous Energy College with two levels of training. Both are equipped with the most modern training equipment and practice bases.
In total, at the beginning of 2016, there are 30 institutions in the regional vocational education system, of which 26 are technical. About 40 thousand young people study in them.