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The railway of the resident
How to "Kolmar" get plus 12 million tons of bandwidth in Yakutia, Yury Trutnev
During a working trip to the south of Yakutia, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation - Far Eastern Plenipotentiary Yuri Trutnev called on the "Russian Railways" to provide the opportunity to transport products of residents of the TOP and other enterprises of the Far East, appropriately forming their investment program. The plans of the monopoly on the development of rail transport in the region were taken up by East Russia.
"Previously, we extracted coking coal and sold it as an energy at a very low price. The first thing we came to is that it is necessary to build concentrators. Now we are exporting our coal, these are brand brands. Our coal is equated to premium Australian, "- noted the deputy general director of the group of companies" Colmar "Anna Tsivileva.
Currently, the exporter has concluded contracts for the supply of coking concentrate with Baosteel Resources, JFE, Guangxi Metallurgy Group. Also, Colmar plans to expand the pool of potential consumers and enter such large metallurgical companies in Southeast Asia as Nippon Steel (Japan), Hyundai Steel (South Korea), Capital Steel, Hebei Steel (China) and others.
The investor's investments in the Yakutia project have already totaled about 25 billion rubles, and he intends to expand his presence in the region. Almost a month ago, the company received a license to develop the Verkhne-Toluminsky section, where it is possible to extract coal by the open-cut method of the order of 15 years. Now the field is under exploration, the beginning of production is scheduled for June this year.
Totally, Colmar plans to increase its coal production by 2021 to 20 million tons annually. Most of the fuel will be exported through the terminal of its "daughter" "VaninoTransUgol", which is built on the northern shore of the Muchka bay near the village of Toki. The first stage of the complex with the capacity of 12 million tons should be put into operation in the second half of 2019 year, at full capacity - up to 24 million tons annually - it will approximately come out in 2023 year.
Naturally, the question arises of exporting fuel outside the republic. In this regard, the "Railways of Yakutia" (ZDYA) have almost completed the modernization of the fleet of diesel locomotives for the growth of coal transport. According to the general director of the WD Vasily Shimokhin, the carrier is ready to transport up to 8-12 million tons of coal, which Kolmar plans to ship in the next four years through Chulbass and Denisovsky stations.
Meanwhile, the shipper's plans largely depend on the technical capabilities of the single-track Bestuzhev-Neryungri (Far Eastern Railway) line, which connects the "Railways of Yakutia" with BAM. Now its carrying capacity is almost exhausted. This was one of the topics of the meeting chaired by Yury Trutnev in Neryungri. According to the vice-premier, in the TOP of "South Yakutia" taking into account the new capacities of the companies of the company "Colmar" it is necessary to ensure the already available opportunities to export another 12 million tons of cargo.
"The task of RZD is to form an investment program in such a way as to provide all new residents of the TOP and all new enterprises in the Far East with the possibility of transporting goods to their destination," Yury Trutnev stressed. "Projects are being built, people are working, investing money, and it is necessary to make sure that there is no downtime, the railway has not become a bottleneck in the work," he added.
Today, many TOPs have or are building contiguities to the public railway infrastructure. Some residents already use the services of railway workers, for example, the TekhnoNIKOL Far East plant, which carries some of its products (basalt heat insulation) from Khabarovsk to Chinese Suifenhe by rail. But in general, the volume of freight traffic on the Far East Railways, the participants of the TOR, is still small.
With Colmar, the situation turned out to be special. At one time the company, which was not a resident of the territory of advanced development (received such status in 2017 year), entered into an agreement with Russian Railways, which provided for the additional export of coal from Yakutia to 12 million tons annually. And the question with these transportations arose at once, noted in the leadership of the Far Eastern Railway.
The program for the first stage of the modernization of the Baikal-Amur Mainline and the Trans-Siberian Railway, or the Eastern Test Site, which was designed before 2021, was formed in 2012-2013 when the Inaglinskoye field development project was actually frozen. Therefore, funds for the reconstruction of the Bestuzhev-Neryungri line more than 200 km were not initially laid. In the future, under state support, Colmar was able to develop coal-mining and processing industries. In turn, specialists of the Far Eastern Railway prepared a technical rationale for the development of the Bestuzhev-Neryungri site.
The project of modernization of this line, including the reconstruction of 8 stations, the equipping of automatic blockage spans and other measures, was positively evaluated by the expert council of Russian Railways and entered the corrected program of the Eastern test site. One of these days it became known that up to 2021 year for these purposes it is planned to send 6,5 billion rubles. In addition, the Institute of Transport Economics and Development suggested that the state monopoly allocate another 7,5 billion rubles. for the further reconstruction of the Bestuzhev-Neryungri section within the framework of the second stage of the development of the Eastern landfill.
In the next three years, it is planned to invest 218 billion rubles into the Far East highway. This is more than 60% of the amount invested in the road for the last 15 years. In particular, large investments will go to the electrification of the Volochaevka-2-Komsomolsk-on-Amur section, which will increase the capacity of the railway infrastructure to allow the flow of goods to the ports of the Vanino junction.
For development of perspective transportations the locomotive park will replenish. At present, the Far Eastern Railways is testing the new locomotive 3ТЭ25К2М "Peresvet", due to which it is planned to organize the movement of trains of increased mass. The issue with the contingent is also being addressed. As reported in the Far Eastern Directorate of traction, in connection with the difficult demographic situation in the BAM zone, it is expected to actively use the work of workers on a rotational basis. For the travelers, recreation centers for locomotive crews will be built at the stations of Yuktali, Tynda, February, Verkhneizeysk, Novy Urgal, Postyshevo.
It should be noted that this spring the construction of a diversion from the East Siberia-Pacific Ocean pipeline to the Komsomolsk refinery should be completed. As a result, a minimum of 6,5 million tons of oil per year will leave the railway line. Thus, the railway infrastructure will receive a reserve in capacity, which can be filled with the needs of other consignees, although oil transportation for RZD from the point of view of tariff is more profitable than transportation of solid fuel.