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Good grain does not fall into a hectare
What really grow on the "Far Eastern hectare", found out EastRussia
Whether the "free hectare" is large or small, which from February 1 can be obtained by all Russians in the Far East, to grow the most liquid agricultural product - grain, EastRussia asked the vice-president of the Russian Grain Union Alexander Korbut.
“The Far Eastern hectare project will not be able to change the situation with grain production in the Far East in any way,” says Alexander Korbut. However, the initiators of the idea did not set these goals for themselves, he admits. “Far Eastern hectare” is “not about the grain sector,” the expert emphasizes: “It solves the problem of the population by fixing it, as well as encouraging resettlement, its self-employment, and, over time, the development of small business.” The good thing about the project is that “it is an attempt to provide people not with a piece of bread, after which they will immediately demand the continuation of the banquet, but a tool for this or that production”.
However, the land plot of one hectare is completely unpromising from the point of view of grain production, Alexander Korbut emphasizes. Costs for growing grain in a plot of such a small area “will be inadequate compared to possible profit,” explains the expert. According to his assessment, it makes sense to start grain cultivation from an area of at least 250-500 ha - it is precisely on such a site that one can “humanly bring out agricultural machinery, in particular, the same combine harvester”. This will be a full-fledged grain production, which is only advisable, and “waving a scythe” is a long-time experience, says Alexander Korbut.
The prospect of creating cooperatives for owners of "Far Eastern hectares" is "remarkable," he continues. But even without it, those wishing to grow grain in the Far East can get plots of 5-7 thousand hectares: the land is today, it's only in conditions - the price or the rental rate. In this case, however, we are not talking about the idea of a particular person or family, but about an investment business project.
The latter stops several factors from the development of grain production in the Far East. First, it is possible to grow grain in the Far East only in the southern territories: Primorsky Krai, the Jewish Autonomous Region and the Amur Region. Secondly, the domestic grain market in the east of the country is extremely small, and its needs are already being met by the existing players. Any serious additional volumes will mean export, and here there is a problem - an excessively high railway tariff.
"Real on the" Far Eastern hectare "is the production of honey, the cultivation of medicinal plants, the use of greenhouses. From an organizational point of view, it is possible to create a small farm at the first stage. In the future, when there is a need to graze livestock or harvesting hay - rent additional space, "- said Alexander Korbut.
In fact, the expert is sure that the recipients of the “Far Eastern hectares” who really want to take up agriculture will focus on creating recreational zones on their land, gardening and poultry farms, nurseries, and oilseed crops. It is obvious that with one hectare all these farms will not be able to manage, and their owners will have to acquire additional land in the neighborhood - ranging from two to 10 ha. “Of course, with the collapse of the affairs of the owners of the same“ hectares ”next to each other. It is well known that you need to work with the land, and the guarantee of instant profit is very, very low, ”the expert concludes.