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Salary rebus DFO
Are earnings in the Far East so high, as statistics show
For several years now, the level of salaries of residents of the Far East has significantly exceeded the general indicator for the country. According to Rosstat, Magadan Oblast and Chukotka are even ahead of Moscow in terms of salary indicators. But, are the numbers at odds with reality, and are the inhabitants of the macroregion really enviable prosperity?
Hospital average temperature
The Far East is a macro-region, very rich in natural resources. Workers involved in mining, industrial fishing and crab fishing, logistics, have the highest salaries in the Far East. Also, do not forget about the northern allowances, which make the salaries of residents of cold regions more solid.
The most impressive salaries in 2019 were the Magadan Region - 101 rubles, the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug - 622 rubles. Below in the top ten regions with high salaries are other regions of the Far Eastern Federal District: Sakhalin, Kamchatka, Yakutia - on average, residents of these subjects earn about 96 thousand rubles. At the same time, in the country as a whole, the average salary is 930 rubles. However, not everyone can boast of high earnings in the Far East, so the news of high salaries for many residents of the Far East is perplexing.
“I work as a chef in one of the chain coffee shops in Yakutsk, they pay 35 thousand rubles. This is a normal salary for our city. There are many offers in the republic for work on a rotational basis, you can go to a gold mining enterprise, for example, in Aldan and get there, about 100 thousand rubles, but this does not suit me. I have a family in Yakutsk and I do not want to be separated from my loved ones, ”said the cook Evgeny Byrkanov, IE Reshetnyak.
The calculation of the average salary per capita is calculated on the basis of data on the level of subsistence of workers of different levels: manager (director, top managers, superiors) and worker (ordinary ordinary employees). So, for example, with an increase in the salary of managers at different levels and while maintaining the salary of ordinary employees, statistics show an increase in salary as a whole. Therefore, to display a more accurate picture, it is necessary to take into account the modal value (found most often), and not the average value. As of November 2018, modal wages in Russia amounted to approximately 25 thousand rubles.
Four subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District, according to RIA Novosti, were in the top regions, where every fifth resident earns more than 100 thousand rubles a month. In the leading Chukotka on this list, 32,1% of the population have a salary of more than 100 thousand rubles. At the same time, the most common wage level there fluctuates in the region - 49-132 thousand rubles. But on Sakhalin, which ranks sixth and has an indicator of 20,9%, the level of the most popular salaries is more modest 33-87 thousand rubles. At the same time, the share of residents with a salary below 15 thousand rubles a month in all eight regions that are in the top 10 ranges from 0,3 to 1,7%.
“Despite the fact that the salaries in the north of the Far East are the largest in the country, due to the lack of normal medicine, huge food prices compared to other settlements, the lack of air connections with major Russian cities and the capital in particular, the standard of living remains low. Young people strive to move to more prosperous regions. If the average salary is 50 thousand rubles, then a ticket to Moscow and back in the autumn-summer period costs more than 100 thousand rubles, ”said Regina Moreva, tourism manager from Vladivostok.
Do not forget that, as a rule, the one who earns a lot of money also spends quite a lot. The cost of living in the northern territories is higher than, for example, in the European part of the country. Prices for some product groups, services are much higher.
“Judging by how high the level of population outflow from the Far East to the central regions of Russia, people still remain dissatisfied with the quality of life in the macroregion. Even take the situation with discounted tickets. Their number is so small that everyone cannot buy them, despite the fact that these tickets are written in line for several months in advance. The Far East earn, but you can’t spend this money, because the infrastructure is not developed, ”said Nikita Maslennikov, head of the Finance and Economics department at INSOR.
Everything is relative
As for the highest paid professions in the Far East, according to the Head Hunter recruitment agency, the leaders are top management, workers in the areas of raw materials extraction, construction, IT and procurement. Salaries in these areas can vary from 10 to 300 thousand per month.
“The highest paid industries in Primorye are oil and gas, fishing, IT. The salary there is higher even for office staff.
IT specialists are still at the top, simple programmers and developers make money as directors of trading companies, ”said Diana Krovlina, Executive Director of the Far Eastern Consulting Agency.
According to her, there are many positions. On average, in these areas, workers receive 15-20% higher than the market. In other regions, salaries are lower.
“Our salaries in Buryatia are small, people live rather poorly. I teach mathematics in a regular school, I earn about 22-24 thousand rubles a month. I have to work in two shifts, and the work is not easy, so I am thinking of leaving for a commercial organization, ”said Maxim Protasov, a teacher from Ulan-Ude.
The significant salary difference in the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District is also confirmed by statistics. According to Rosstat, the average monthly income of residents of the Primorsky Territory working in organizations, individual entrepreneurs and individuals was 2019 rubles in the first half of 38. In Kamchatka, this figure is 216 rubles, and in Magadan - 65 rubles. On average in the macro-region, it is equal to 177 75 rubles. For comparison, the income in the North Caucasian Federal District is 960 rubles.
“For two years now I have been conducting an appointment at the medical center of one of the military units of Khabarovsk. Now I earn 54 thousand rubles a month, but the allowance rises depending on the length of service. Indexation of salaries takes place annually. My acquaintances colleagues in commercial and state clinics earn much more than me, they are paid about 80-110 thousand rubles a month. However, I have various advantages at work, such as free travel across Russia during vacation and retirement just 13,5 years after the start of military service, ”said the doctor of the military unit Nadezhda Shchetkina.
As for individual specialties, the situation with salaries varies not only in the capitals of the regions, but also in the municipalities.
“If we talk about Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, then specialists earn on average 45-50 thousand rubles, if we are talking about doctors and teachers, then about 65 thousand rubles, although on average for the summer of 2019 salaries in the region indicated 88 thousand rubles. ... It is in the regional capital that the level of wages is high, and in the outskirts it is much lower when it comes to commerce, ”said Elena Kim, sales manager from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.
From one extreme to another
Based on the data of the popular job site in the Far East Farpost.ru, one can make sure that a security guard in the village of Tavrichanka can earn an average of 18 thousand to 40 thousand rubles, in Vladivostok - from 14 thousand to 65 thousand rubles, and in Nakhodka - from 12 thousand to 60 thousand rubles. A cook in Bolshoy Kamen can count on a salary from 20 thousand to 60 thousand rubles, in Vladivostok - from 25 thousand to 100 thousand rubles, and in Dalnegorsk - from 25 thousand to 60 thousand rubles.
In Magadan, the seller is promised a salary of 25 thousand to 75 thousand rubles, the storekeeper - from 25 thousand to 60 thousand rubles, and the merchandiser - from 25 thousand to 46 thousand rubles. At the same time, there are very few open vacancies in the region. According to statistics, the average monthly wage level at large and medium-sized enterprises and non-profit organizations in Magadan in 2018 is 88 663 rubles, while in the Olsky district this figure is 61 730 rubles. The highest incomes of the population according to this indicator are in the Omsukchan region - 116 rubles.
An accountant in Kamchatka earns from 30 thousand to 80 thousand rubles, an engineer - from 18 thousand to 60 thousand rubles, a doctor - 40-120 thousand rubles.
Librarian Tatyana Stepanova from the small Kamchatka city of Yelizovo does not consider herself to be residents of the region with high incomes and does not understand where the statistics on sky-high salaries of the Far East come from.
“My salary is 25 thousand rubles. This money is barely enough for a living. Of course, in our city there are those who earn much more, as a rule, these people are employed in the fishing sector. But the authorities shouldn't forget about us as well. It makes me uncomfortable when I read in the newspapers about how the inhabitants of Kamchatka are fattening. However, these are by no means the majority, ”said Tatiana Stepanova.
According to Rosstat, the average salary of educational workers in the Far Eastern Federal District is 43 rubles. Teachers earn the most in Sakhalin - 233, least of all in the Trans-Baikal Territory - 72 rubles. But in the field of mining, the average salary is 053 rubles. Again, Sakhalin is among the leaders - 29 rubles.
“The situation with the difference in the salary offer is due to a complex of factors: territory, level of development in the region, number of jobs and living standards in general. Also, the salary offer depends on the scope of the employer and the professional level of the required specialist, ”said Ksenia Averina, Director of the HeadHunter Far Eastern Federal District.