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"A line of employers will soon be built for our students"
Director of the Far Eastern Institute of Management RASHiGS - about the prospects for the development of the university
Vyacheslav Kushnarev, director of the Far Eastern Institute of Management under the President of the Russian Federation, Vyacheslav Kushnarev, who was appointed to this position in 2016, spoke in an interview with Interfax-Far East about which specialists in the field of management the university is preparing now and how the educational process will change in it in the future
- Vyacheslav Anatolyevich, 2016 was held in Russia in heated discussions on the topics of education and the fate of higher education. Even the president, in his message, considered it necessary to dwell on educational problems separately and called for more attention to be paid to the content of the programs of schools and universities, as well as to the education of students. What meaning do you yourself put into these concepts? What are the nearest plans for the Far Eastern branch of RANGHiGS?
- Any words are checked in practice and only so. Our immediate plans are to continue the work already begun and strive for excellence. This is not a simple goal. You know, I was convinced for a long time: it is very convenient to be "average", very easy - "average", when you do not expect any special victories from you. And we - the best, and this to much obliges.
I say without false modesty, because that is the reality. This year, the Far Eastern Institute of Management of the RANEPA under the President of the Russian Federation was awarded the title “The Best University of Russia-2016” by the decision of the National Center for Public Accreditation. The Foundation "Innovation Russia" recognized the programs of the DVIU RANEPA in the areas of "state and municipal management" and "jurisprudence" as one of the best educational programs of the year. This is an objective assessment: both in scientific terms, and in educational practices, and in the management field, the Academy has always been among the leading universities in Russia. In the Far East, we adequately represent it. But we understand that responsibility is also high: we must match our reputation and always be at the forefront.
Actually, we have no other choice. The development of the Far East is a national priority, our graduates have to answer all the challenges that this task poses to the managerial cohort. We conduct training and retraining of professionals in the sphere of state and municipal management, economists, financiers, experts for various fields. Such specialists are closely connected with the practice, directly affect the future of Russia. This is the main thing, what a strong academy is and how it differs significantly from other universities.
We will use and develop our advantages. In 2017, together with our partners from Russian development institutions, we will study, "land" and, most importantly, actively implement best management practices and practices at the Academy site. Already now in the structure of the Russian Academy of Sciences there are divisions that are directly engaged in the generalization of such data. We absorb the experience of the whole country and, naturally, we are going to use it for the benefit of the Far East. A month ago we held a number of working meetings with representatives of government structures at all levels from the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District, in May we are looking forward to the visit to Khabarovsk of the heads of the best affiliates of the Russian Academy of Science and Technology, with whom we will discuss ways of introducing best practices in our region.
By the way, an important touch: it was within the walls of DVIU RANEPA that the final press conference was held by the speaker of the Legislative Council of the Khabarovsk Territory Sergey Lugovskaya. This was, as far as I understand, a symbolic step in many ways: now the authorities are listening carefully to the opinion of the scientific and expert community, and our recommendations are of considerable value to them.
I think that during the year 2017 you will hear more about our branch of the academy. On the DVIU RANHiGS site, there will be such nationwide events as the well-known "Historical dictation", "Talking to Heroes", a test of knowledge of the foundations of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and a federal Internet exam for bachelors.
- Vyacheslav Anatolyevich, what kind of managers do you consider to be "the best"? What should a higher school do to train and educate such specialists?
- First of all, modern managers simply do not have the right to "stew in their own juice." Now economic processes have become global, the business has been internationalized. If we want to fully integrate into the world economy (and for the Far East, the issues of contacts with partners in the Asia-Pacific Region are more than acute), then we must speak with them in the same language in all that relates to management logic. It should be understood that in developed countries the state management has been improved for many decades, it is very important for us to study and adapt its achievements to Russian realities. First of all, it concerns such a global trend as project management. The first results of its introduction into domestic practice and adaptation to the peculiarities of our legislation have already proven their effectiveness. We have in the Far East and the first successful attempts to automate management processes. I think the process will continue.
Our academy has always had close ties with the authorities - and now, and in former times. The current high-level state officials and parliament deputies conduct seminars and lectures.
From next year we are entering a new stage: we now have not only verbal agreements, but officially signed agreements with the administrations of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, regional parliaments, municipalities and line ministries that our students will be able to receive practical experience there, without which The theory is of little use. With the Legislative Duma of the Khabarovsk Territory, we agreed that DVIU students will not only attend parliamentary hearings, but also participate in the discussion of draft laws within the framework of working groups, and monitor all the subtleties of the reconciliation process. Only in this way can you feel the reality literally "with the tips of your fingers."
- Will students practice in Khabarovsk?
- Not only. We will specifically send students to remote areas so they know and understand the specifics of the case, which they decided to deal with. What is the problem of modern students? They are "overfed" by theory. But it's no secret that many of the textbooks are rapidly becoming obsolete in a dynamic economy and administrative management system. Our task is to train competent practitioners armed with theory, but capable of independently and flexibly acting in conditions when books will not help much.
- You know, much still depends not only on the efforts of teachers, but also on the abilities of the students themselves, on their interest in learning and applying the acquired knowledge, and working in their specialty. Leaders of many universities complain that the level of entrants during the introduction of the USE has fallen dramatically ...
- There is a proverb "you can not - we will teach, you do not want - we will force". We are ready to follow only the first part, to force no one going. Grosh price "officials" working from under the stick, and students, idlers too, from such ballast, we quickly get rid of.
A good manager should have not only knowledge, but also motivation to work, these are two, one might say, cornerstones for a professional in any field. And if a person really wants to get good knowledge and skills, we are able to help him in this, even if his starting positions for one reason or another were not the most successful. In DVIU, excellent professors and teachers, over the years, they have created a powerful scientific school, we value them very much. And students are reciprocating their efforts.
In the Far Eastern branch of the RANEPA there are now 64 excellent students, who passed not only one session for the fives, but also study so for four years in a row. That's a lot. For comparison - the total numbers of the set-2016. This year we accepted 135 students for full-time education under the bachelor's program, 79 for the specialty, 23 for the magistracy. 234 applicants were enrolled in the correspondence department (96 for bachelor, 9 for specialty, 129 for master).
Fortunately, we don’t have to “reinvent the wheel” and invent new programs for them from absolute zero. The best developments that exist today in Russia and in Europe have been tested and applied for a long time in DVIU. Now we, as they say, “go in breadth” and establish cooperation with the Higher School of Public Administration of the RANEPA in Moscow, with foreign universities. I am very grateful to my colleagues for not only confirming their readiness to cooperate, but also actively involved in joint work.
This also applies to future employers of our students. Excellent students - the golden fund of the personnel reserve, first of all, for the government of the Khabarovsk Territory and other subjects of the Russian Federation. Especially for them, we have now developed special mechanisms of the so-called social lift, so that these young people do not get stuck forever in the "personnel reserve".
- Do you revive the system of "distribution" of graduates?
- Well, not in the Soviet version of it, of course. But we are certainly going to track the fate of our students and, if possible, help them. And to participate in employment - for example, at the request of the regional administration, we will always send a specialist to this place a person we are proud of, who already has good theoretical and practical "baggage".
In general, in my opinion, the ideal model in higher education is when representatives of administrations of different levels or businesses are already sitting in the third or fourth year on exams and are “recruiting” the most promising students in advance. This practice is abroad and in leading Moscow universities. I would very much like it to appear in our academy soon too. We have unique students. Sin does not notice and support them. I think that soon employers will line up behind them in the queue.
We are actively cooperating with the Association of Municipal Formations of the Khabarovsk Territory, and over the past month I have repeatedly heard from the heads of districts a desire to send our graduates to them. It is quite understandable: in the field, the personnel reserve is not very large, good specialists are always in short supply. In addition, students from Sakhalin, Primorye and other Far Eastern regions study at the academy. Their leadership is extremely interested in young people returning to their homes to work. By the way, this is largely a mutual desire. I very often hear from students that during the holidays they would like to meet with members of the local administration or with high school students, talk about the academy, and attract additional interest in it. To be honest, I'm very proud of it.
An important part of the work is the retraining of current officials. Previously, they usually went to Moscow for this. Now we have the opportunity to hold such refresher courses on our site in Khabarovsk, and from next year the work will begin in full.
Together with the Far Eastern Agency for Human Capital Development, we want to introduce an interesting innovation that has not yet received an official name: it is a kind of in-depth expert evaluation of the official's competencies, drawing up a psychological and professional portrait of the ideal candidate for a particular position. While the project is under development, but there is an idea to conduct such testing of management teams in all subjects of the Far East. This will help to more "aim" to build programs for retraining state and municipal employees. And these short-term courses will be as close as possible to our Far Eastern conditions and requirements. By the way, that's why we are going to invite our colleagues from foreign universities of the APR countries as lecturers and teachers. This already has agreements with the leading universities in Asia.
- Do you plan to include Eastern management practices in your programs?
- Rather, consider them in your work. After all, our region is border, and international cooperation is very active here. Of course, we can not say that, for example, tomorrow we will go to the University of Tokyo and transfer their methods to our soil. It does not work out, they will not survive for a great many reasons. As well as the management models that operate in the power structures of the APR countries. We are talking about closer scientific contacts and the adaptation of the best foreign experience to Russian conditions. In addition, the Far Eastern branch of the Academy will constantly participate in contests for grants under the APEC secretariat. I think that the studies conducted at our base, the chances of obtaining such grants are very high.
- Is there a need to include in the educational programs of DVIU the study of oriental languages - for example, Japanese, Korean and Chinese?
- I think not to the compulsory educational grid, but to the special courses on the choice of students and graduate students - of course. We have already managed to discuss this issue at meetings with the general consuls of China, Japan and Korea, the interest here is mutual. We have the opportunity to invite excellent teachers - native speakers, country scientists. By the way, Japanese and Chinese are taught here as well. Another thing is that we are preparing not professional translators (this is done by other universities), but general managers, for whom the language will help in the main work.
- What languages do you speak?
- English and Japanese. It always helped a lot in my work. I am glad that I received such an education.
- From a new person at the head of a well-known organization is always expected "innovation" and "fresh look", read - personnel and other sharp turns. You are no exception. What changes await DVIU in the near future?
- At the "turns" no one should enter. We have invaluable capital - our scientific and teaching staff. These people need to create all the conditions for a full-fledged work, in which I see my main task as the director of the Far Eastern branch of the Russian Academy of Science and Technology.
But the main task is logically followed by others. We need to optimize the administrative and managerial link in order to "take not by number but skill", not quantity, but quality. Here, reorganization, of course, is needed, and quite serious. It is important to remember that we are an educational institution, and we are primarily concerned with the educational process, everything else is secondary.
You see, an institution is not about numbers, indicators, programs, and so on. Not the director and not the administrative staff who ensure the fulfillment of the main goal. DVIU are people whose labors advance science and student education. Their interests will always be at the forefront. And I hope that we will be able to confirm our status of the first and the best more than once.