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Egg or chicken?

What will happen at one of the largest Far Eastern poultry farms in partnership with Japanese companies - the correspondent of EastRussia

Egg or chicken?
Photo: shutterstock
One of the key documents signed during the visit of Russian President Vladimir Putin to Japan in mid-December was an agreement on cooperation between the ANO "Agency of the Far East for attracting investments and supporting export" with the companies "Maekawa Co. Ltd." and "Marubeni Corporation" for Expansion of production capacities and organization of export of products of the Far Eastern company "Mikhailovsky Broiler", engaged in the production and processing of poultry meat. However, on the eve of the New Year, a mysterious story began to form around this agreement.

Information about the signing of the agreement in Japan inspired many who were aware of the situation around the Mikhailovsky Broiler company. Considering the fact that the enterprise has been deplorably lately, partnership with Japanese companies is seen as a very serious attempt to pull production out of the state of bankruptcy, in which it has been for more than a year. Just like, as it seems logical and the fact that Japan, for its part, showed interest precisely to the Mikhailovsky Broiler. After all, the Mikhailovsky Broiler, according to experts, is the only enterprise in the Far East that is capable of exporting poultry.

To understand the details of the agreement with Japanese partners, the EastRussia correspondent decided to contact the company directly. And I ran into ... that it was impossible to do it. So, the company is currently headed by Evgeny Skubenin - a new man, the reins of government were entrusted in December. Mr. Skubenin could not comment on the document signed in Japan, referring to the fact that the previous leader was involved in its preparation, and for him the main priority is to optimize the company's production processes. In turn, as explained in the company, the previous head Mikhail Efimenko, who was directly involved in the preparation of the agreement on expanding the company's production, signed in Japan, left the company in early December and left for Nizhny Novgorod. It was not possible to get through to him and find out any details.

It was not possible to find out the details of the agreement from the direct signatory - the Agency of the Far East for attracting investments. Despite the fact that the questions were sent on Friday afternoon, the organization did not provide comments on the agreement of interest to the editors.

In this context, let us point out that frequent perturbations in management have been characteristic of Mikhailovsky Broiler in recent years. So, until the spring of 2015, 51% of the shares of CJSC belonged to CJSC Vladivostok Development Company, a structure affiliated with entrepreneur Igor Borbot (in 2015 he left Russia, was put on the international wanted list, was arrested in the United States for violating local immigration laws). In turn, 24,5% each belonged to LLC Raduzhny Mir and LLC Stebnik. Note here that the only founder of Stebnik LLC was the former chairman of the board of directors of Mikhailovsky Broiler, Pyotr Kulakovsky. All the designated owners entered the Mikhailovsky Broiler in due time under the Governor of the Primorsky Territory Sergei Darkin. The result of managing the enterprise was rather sad: in April 2015, Sberbank, along with Gazprombank, which is one of the company's largest creditors, applied to the arbitration with a bankruptcy petition for Mikhailovsky Broiler.

Against the background of bankruptcy, the new owner of the Mikhailovsky Broiler was businessman Eduard Yanakov. Currently, the managing company of the Mikhailovsky Broiler is the Agroholding Primorye LLC registered in September, 2015, registered in Vladivostok with an authorized capital of 10 thousand rubles, the only founder of which is Eduard Yanakov, and the general director is Gleb Zuev, who previously headed Dalpolimetal. In the structure of the assets of Agroholding Primorye, by the way, there are about 80 thousand hectares of cultivated land.

The new owner, Eduard Yanakov, announced his intention to increase the production and processing of chicken meat with an emphasis on the chilled products segment, in which the company is most competitive. It was announced that in general, within three years, Mikhailovsky Broiler will double the volume of chicken production to 70 thousand tons per year. At the same time, it was noted that an increase in production volumes will require the construction of new poultry houses, a slaughterhouse, a new feed mill. And as for the latter, it was indicated that the plant would be installed at the Mikhailovsky Broiler factory, but would cover the needs of the Nadezhdinskaya poultry farm, which produces hatching eggs. Perhaps, the agreement signed in Japan in relation to Mikhailovsky Broiler is precisely connected with these measures necessary for the planned increase in its production. But these are only assumptions.

In turn, experts interviewed by the EastRussia correspondent see the prospect of cooperation between the poultry farm and Japanese partners. "The export of the products of the Mikhailovskaya factory" Mikhalovsky Broiler "is possible, since it is of such a level that it is known not only in the Far East, but in Russia as a whole, - says Galina Bobyleva, Head of the Russian Poultry Union. “And the factory itself is good and developing. But, given that the Far East as such has a need for its own poultry, it is worth talking about the export of only such products of the factory that are not popular in this macroregion - for example, chicken legs. I would like to note here that both the Far Eastern bird in general and the one produced by Mikhailovsky Broiler is interesting to Japan for two reasons - because of its “environmental friendliness” and the advantages of logistics ”.

According to Sergey Milanov, partner and head of Asia practice at Goltsblat BLP law firm, “despite the fact that Japan has now set the task of reducing imports, not only Far Eastern poultry, but Russian products in general are extremely beneficial for it. For the simple reason that due to the low cost of Russian labor, which now costs even less than Chinese, Russian products are much cheaper than their own. Even if it is produced under conditions of maximum automation. "

"True, it seems that the export of Far Eastern poultry will not be easy, since it will inevitably face difficulties in the framework of the Japanese certification procedure," said Sergey Milanov.

At the same time, in the opinion of Viktor Pavlyatenko, a leading researcher at the Japan Research Center of the Institute of Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, first of all, it is necessary to provide the domestic market with affordable and high-quality products, and only then - to work for export. “The agreement is acceptable only in this version, which provides for the export of Mikhailovsky Broiler products only when it is achieved to provide it to all the Russian consumer who needs it,” says Viktor Pavlyatenko.

If the agreement on the Michael Broiler in Japan stipulates expansion of the company's capacities only for the export of its products to this island country, it means that they are simply "temporary workers", says Mr. Pavlyatenko.

Help EastRussia

GK Mikhalovsky Broiler owns three poultry farms: OJSC Nadezhdinskaya Poultry Farm, CJSC Mikhailovsky Broiler and CJSC Khabarovsk Broiler. She is one of the leaders in the poultry industry in the Primorsky Territory and the entire Far East. The range of the Group includes such products as whole carcasses of broiler chickens, as well as parts of carcasses, poultry meat in marinades and spices, offal, minced meat, sausages.
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