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Thermal springs in Japan are called "onsen" (温泉). They are located in the heart of Tokyo, and on the outskirts of small towns, both on the territory of temples and in nature.
Since Japan is located along the Pacific Fiery Belt, there are more volcanoes on its territory than in the vast majority of countries around the world. Groundwater, which is heated by volcanic activity and is saturated with various kinds of mineral substances, comes to the surface. The inhabitants of the country of the Rising Sun managed to curb the elements, having built guest houses at the site of these underground waters. Sometimes these hotels line up right around a natural pool with hot mineral water. But more often it happens that the water from the source goes through the pipes and the baths of the baths (or “ofuro”) are filled with it. Part of the baths is located under the open sky, so that a person can fully relax both physically and mentally, contemplating the surrounding nature. From the fact that you are sitting in hot water, and the snow is falling from above, the sensations are simply indescribable!