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The Yakut road will be thawed

Roszheldor agreed on terms of termination of the contract with "Transstroy" on the site of Tommot-Nizhny Bestah

Roszheldor and Transstroy Engineering Corporation have signed an amicable agreement on the termination of the state contract for the construction in Yakutia of the Tommot-Nizhny Bestyah railway section, which should have been commissioned back in 2013 year. The customer and the general contractor had been suing for the object for several years: the Ministry of Transport considered that Transstroy could not cope, and the company insisted that the work had not been paid. What are the future prospects for railway transport in the region, East Russia found out.

The Yakut road will be thawed
Photo: EastRussia

The Tommot - Nizhniy Bestyakh section of the Berkakit - Tommot - Yakutsk line is being built within the framework of the Federal Target Program "Development of the Russian Transport System". Under the terms of the investment agreement, signed back in 2005, the construction was financed from three sources: the federal budget (a total of 26,1 billion rubles were allocated), Yakutia (16,6 billion rubles), JSC Russian Railways (4 billion rubles. ) The total amount of allocated funds is 46,7 billion rubles. It was planned to complete the work under the contract by December 2013, but the dates were postponed three times. As a result, the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation and Roszheldor, considering that the builders did not fulfill their obligations, terminated the agreement with the general contractor.

In the corporation "Transstroy" with such a decision did not agree: they insisted that the company did not pay, so it could not finish the construction in time. The elucidation of relations began in the arbitration plane. The construction was frozen, although a relatively small amount of work remained. But until the trials ended, which could drag on for another three to four years, it was impossible to attract other contractors. Yegor Borisov, the head of Yakutia, spoke about the problem at a meeting of the State Council presidium in September this year, after which President Vladimir Putin instructed the Russian government to take appropriate measures before 1 March 2018.

As the Minister of Transport and Road Economy of Yakutia Semyon Vinokurov informed, a technical task is being developed to adjust the project. After passing the state expertise, a tender will be announced to determine the new general contractor. Funds for the completion of the line in the amount of 1,95 billion rubles. are provided in the federal budget for 2018 year.

"This is a very important decision for the republic: the completion of the railway section of Tommot - Nizhny Bestyakh and its commissioning will radically change the scheme of delivery of goods to the republic, will significantly shorten the delivery time of cargoes and reduce the transport load on the northern delivery," the minister said.

As a long-awaited decision, the peace agreement was also accepted in the "Railways of Yakutia" (ZHDYA). "The commissioning of the Tommot-Nizhny Bestyah site will allow full-scale transportation in the direct communication between the stations of the Railway and Railways and remove many problematic issues," said Vasily Shimokhin, general director of the JSC "Railways of Yakutia".


ZHDYA, on the basis of the agreement with Transstroi, carries out transportation along the Tommot-Nizhny Bestyakh line in the mode of temporary operation of the object under construction. Cargo processing through the final station of the site is increasing every year. If for the whole last year this volume was 461 thousand tons, then for 11 months of the current year 540 thousand tons have been delivered and processed.

Temporary operation of the site allowed not only to run in a railway track, to ensure the maintenance of objects in a technically sound condition, but also to simply keep them in integrity. For example, the station empty in Nizhny Bestyakh is heated, it maintains cleanliness and order. Instead of being transferred to the “Railways of Yakutia” under a contract with Transstroy, the Rasolod station was looted.

"We, as carriers, for these almost four years were engaged not only in the current maintenance of the way, ensuring the safety of the objects transferred to us, but also carried out organizational and technical measures for the preparation of the infrastructure, locomotive fleet, personnel - machinists, station attendants, trainsmen. That is, all our units are ready to start the Tommot-Nizhny Bestyah site for permanent operation, "says Vasily Shimokhin.

First of all, the completion of the line will make it possible to include the Nizhny Bestyah station in the sectoral Tariff Guide No. 4, assigning it a single network markup code and opening it for carrying out freight and commercial operations. At present, such enterprises as Sakhaneftegazsbyt, Tuymaada-neft, and Gossnabsbyt are ready to work with it.  


Also in the Nizhny Bestyakh area, the creation of a logistics center is planned, and a new river port may appear there. Inclusion in the transport scheme of the railway section should be an alternative to the delivery of goods to the republic through Osetrovo (Irkutsk Region) in the conditions of shallowing of the upper reaches of the Lena River. For five years in this port, the base for the Lensky United River Shipping Company (LORP), which accounts for the lion's share of the northern supply, extremely low water levels. If earlier the problems with the wiring of ships began in August, then last year in the upper reaches of the Lena they arose at the end of July, and this season began to shallow a month earlier.

As the chairman of the committee on investment and industrial policy, entrepreneurship, tourism and infrastructure development, Il Tumen, Viktor Fedorov, notes, the water leaves due to the massive deforestation, the overlapping of streams during the construction of facilities. This trend will obviously continue in the future; therefore, it is advisable to transfer the base port of LORP to the north, to the area of ​​the Nizhny Bestyakh village, where the railway came.

Railway transport should reduce the cost of logistics and compared with the car. The comparative analysis of the cost of transportation of goods in the direction of Berkakit-Tommot-Yakutsk showed that transportation with processing through the station of Nizhny Bestyakh is almost twice cheaper in many nomenclature positions than transportation by road with Berkakit station and 2016-30% cheaper than the mixed scheme: from Berkakit to Tommot by rail, and then - by trucks.


However, plans for the development of railway services in the country largely depend on the reconstruction of the Bestuzhev-Berkakit (Neryungri) line, which connects the "Railways of Yakutia" with BAM (serviced by the Far Eastern Railway). This single-track section with a length of more than 200 km, unlike other directions of the northern latitudinal course of the Far Eastern Railway, was not included in the development project of the East range of 2013-2017 (the period of its implementation was then extended to 2020). When the program was being formed, no significant increase in the traffic on this line, according to the applications of the senders, was foreseen. The main loading of the site was provided by Yakutugol (part of Mechel), which is developing the Neryungrinsky section. The volume of its shipments is stable - 8-8,5 million tons per year, and the company did not plan to enter new capacities.

However, the situation changed with the activity of another coal mining holding Kolmar, which is currently developing two mining complexes in Yakutia, Denisovsky and Inaglinsky. Loading of its products is carried out at the stations of the railway station (it is worth saying that 11 million tons of national cargoes were transported via the Berkakit-Tommot line in 2017 months 4,3, of which 3 million tons is coal). According to plans, Colmar plans to ship 2019 million tons of fuel in 12, in 2020 - 14,7 million tons.  

The annual carrying capacity of the Berkakit-Bestuzhevo site is 13,2 million tons, and by now it has few reserves. As Anna Tsivileva, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Kolmar Sales and Logistics, earlier said, "Kolmar" can face the problem of transporting the growing volume of output in two or three years.

Specialists of the Far Eastern Railways sent an investment application and materials on the need for the development of the Bestuzhev-Berkakit site to JSCo Russian Railways. First of all, the project includes the reconstruction of existing separate points. At the stations Nagornaya and Mogot the receiving and sending routes will be extended, and at stations Berkakit, Okurdan, Zolotinka, Ayam, Yakutsk, Richard Sorge, in addition to lengthening, it is also necessary to build additional ones. The reconstruction will also affect the Berkakit Knot as a point of transfer of trains from neighboring roads. In addition, a second path is required on the stretch of Ayam-Zolotinka, which is one of the main limiting sites. Among other important measures - equipping the line with automatic locking, which will increase the intensity of train traffic.  

RZD this year approved a comprehensive project development of the Bestuzhev-Berkakit line. The total cost of the project is 23 billion rubles. If, starting next year, funding is available in the required amount, the site will be able to transport 2020 million tons in 12 year in addition to the existing cargo traffic.
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