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The Yakut jerk in nanotechnology
How the basalt was quenched
Basalt plastic technologies have been around for a number of years, but so far they have not received a decent development in Russia. Today there is a large plant in Dubna, four more Russian plants having from two to four small-sized furnaces. The volume of production is small, despite the economic attractiveness.
Basalt slabs are the simplest product, they are an excellent insulation, almost eternal, absolutely environmentally friendly. Basalt continuous fiber can open a new era in construction technology. The reinforcement made from it, with a significantly lower weight, has increased strength characteristics, is practically not subject to corrosion. The chemically resistant material is not afraid of water, alkali or acid. Until recently, the development of the Russian defense industry was strictly classified and was used only in the aerospace and defense industries. Basalt-plastic reinforcement is four times lighter than metal, three times stronger in tension. One ton of such reinforcement replaces 7–8 tons of metal.
Yakutia will give thousands of tons of new material
The innovative project "Basalt - New Technologies" being implemented in Yakutia has a significance that goes far beyond not only the republican framework, but also beyond the Far Eastern region. The opening of a new high-tech production facility is a landmark event.
The new enterprise can become the largest manufacturer of fittings and other products from basalt continuous fiber. Already in the first stage there are two ovens. It's only a matter of time and investment to put in ten more. Twelve furnaces will allow producing at least 2260 tons of basalt continuous fiber per year, 2600 tons of basalt plastic reinforcement, up to 32 thousand cubic meters. M basalt-concrete structures and products. This will become a reality in full in five years. The speed of the development of the project is impressive, especially given that the project itself was born only two years ago. Two years ago, in May 2010, an agreement was signed between the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and RUSNANO. Investors at an early stage were the Republican Investment Company (OJSC RIK), OJSC Bank of Moscow (under the program of the Russian Development Bank "Financing for Innovation and Modernization"). At the end of 2011, the project was invested by the federal development institutions of RUSNANO and SME Bank.
If we talk about the economic direction of the project, then, according to Egor Zhirkov, the general director of the company "TBM" and the project manager, the main idea is to turn to a wide range of branches of the national economy. Already the plants mentioned above, the bulk of their products continue to be made for the aerospace industry and for export to America, Europe, and Japan. The scope of materials produced in Pokrovsk - energy, housing and communal services, construction, that is, the most massive industry. For this purpose, in addition to the reinforcement, it is planned to establish the production of basalt-plastic pipes. While the pipes in the plant do not produce, but this is a near-term prospect. Studies show that the service life of basalt pipes is of the order of 60 years, while metal pipes corrosion kills within ten years. The economic effect of using new pipes is difficult to overestimate.
The uniqueness of the production is indirectly confirmed by the Chinese attempt to copy the production. As is known, our neighbor has an extremely developed sense of economically interesting projects. But to make a quality copy does not work yet. No thickness needed, no fiber uniformity. And for high quality, the thickness of the basalt thread should be 13 micron.
And all this high technology is fully realized in Yakutia. Already much has been done, which is confirmed by the high assessment of the international jury, experts and the Grand Prix of the Moscow International Salon of Innovations and Investments. One can safely talk about a technological revolution not only on the scale of the republic, but also in the entire Far Eastern region. The project started with a small container with basalt, which Yegor Zhirkov brought to the Moscow plant from Yakutia. For the experiment, this fiber was made in Zelenograd fiber, and in Biisk - reinforcement, confirming the quality of the raw materials.
Today, the Yakut plant, being launched at full capacity, will double the basalt production in the Russian Federation. For information: 3 thousand tons are produced all over the world basalt fiber, of which 2,5 thousand tons are produced in Russia.
It is possible that Yakut basalt materials will be more economically accessible than those produced in the west of the Russian Federation. According to calculations, the cost of one kilogram of production of the Pokrovsky plant is 70 rubles. At the same time, the average cost in Russia is 110 rubles, and export gives more than 200 rubles.
A small miracle of management
Basalt continuous fiber is one of the few projects that, having been born in Russia, found its embodiment here. There is already serious production in a number of Russian cities, there are regions and business structures wishing to enter a new area. But so far the Yakut implementation is the most successful.
A new plant with a large volume of production is new jobs. A large volume of production means serious tax revenues, social structure and stability. High technology is a driving force for general intellectual growth, engineering qualifications, a good impetus to the development of applied science. In general, the implemented initiative of TBM goes far beyond simply cost-effective production. This is another proof of the need and possibility of industrial and social progress. Thus, the processes launched today in Yakutia, bring it to the forefront of industrial production.