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The Yakut phenomenon: the goby left the warm barn to winter in the forest
Frost-resistant cattle were interested in scientists of the Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture. M.G. Safronova from Yakutsk
Photo: Stepan Ignatyev
Making him pose was almost as difficult as a wild elk - a hermit steer avoids people. Do not be afraid only of the owners, and even then - under the mood. The house of Dyakonov's pensioners stands on the edge of the village of Tulun, which is about 10 miles from Yakutsk, their "prodigal son" settled nearby on the edge of the forest. In the Ust-Aldan ulus, snow fell already, frosts at night to -NNUMX degrees. Large and small cattle villagers were driven into the khotons (cowsheds - note EastRussia) a month ago.
"This bull is unique! The version that he has something wrong with his head, disappears. He is not only normal, I would say, he's even too smart. To autochthonous Yakut breeds of cows and horses that winter on the street and give fatty milk, it does not apply - those Mohnatenkie, short-legged, and this bull is large, sturdy. However, because of the wintering on the street, he also grew and became shaggy. Most likely, he is Simmental breed, although our cattle-breeding employees looked that it is more like the Hereford, and this is generally an English breed of cows. The riddle. No vaccinations, as should be done to animals, they did not do it from birth - they could not catch up, - told EastRussia Hope Storozheva, Senior Researcher FGBNU YANIISH... Nadezhda learned about the animal with unusual behavior a year ago - her husband's relatives live in Tulun - and since then has been following his fate.
The cold-hardy goby was born in January 2016 and went against the system for the first time last winter. He refused to go to the barn, but continued to see his mother every day and suck milk. It is customary to let Tulunin cows go to the lake for watering even in winter, where they met. It is believed that long-term breastfeeding helped the fugitive to develop strong immunity and winter.
“No cow hibernates in central Yakutia on the street, you spill water here and the ice becomes! The frosts are fierce, in the middle of winter we will have up to -56 degrees, colder than in Yakutsk. Last winter, the excitement rose, many in the village tried to catch this bull. As a result, they already wanted to just shoot, and fired, but, apparently, did not hit. I called the scientists, employees of the Orto Doid zoo, went to the chapter, posted this story on Instagram. Because we see him even from afar, but every day, he is already like a tourist attraction, as he became a native, and we feel sorry for him! Let him live. We want scientific work to be carried out and the Ministry of Agriculture to pay attention to the increase in this breed, " shared a resident of the village of Tulun.
About the owner of a cloven-hoofed uncle - Michael Dyakonov - in the village they say: "Kokh ot tostu үctaebat, dyadar yanaҕy turoburbat kiһi". A free translation into Russian: "He walks so cautiously that the green grass will not take, not make the cow out of the way get out of the way, which has settled down there, but it's better to bypass it." But because of financial difficulties this season, the Dyakonovs again wanted to send the grown bull to the face, but the scientists and the head of Tulun Innokentiy Troev intervened:
“The owners of this bull are pensioners, they have limited means, so they decided to slaughter it for meat. But not like all cows are killed, but like a wild one on the hunt, because try to catch him. The Dyakonovs were dissuaded, our administration will help, give 12 thousand fodder. Our village is small, 614 people, almost 900 head of cattle, everything and everything is in plain sight.
I saw this bull not just once, he is still running through the forest, sleeping there. He was given the nickname Mayaattá(the Yakut letter "ҕ" is read as the middle between "г" and "х"), in honor of the hero of the Yakut land of Mayaҕatta Bert Hara. Apparently, because also with the character. In our Ust-Aldan ulus a large monument to this hero has been erected, you can come and see for yourself. "
The four-meter sculpture Mayagatta Bert Khara on a concrete pedestal meets the residents of the village of Syyrdakh nasleg Berte, also named after the Yakut hero. According to legends, Mayaҕatta was a real person who lived here 5 centuries ago. He was a hunter and fisherman, possessed incredible strength and courage (according to legend, he easily lifted 100 kg.), But was poor. Killed during a fight with tungus.
On Yakut online forums about the bull, tearing patterns, lively argue. Some believe that Mayaҕatta is a cross between a cow and a Yakut horse (scientists from the Research Institute of Agriculture in Yakutsk called it absurd). Others suggest adding the obstinate to the Guinness Book of Records and creating a personal Instagram page for him.
The truth about the runaway bull will open when the ice rises. Now there is no message from Tulun, the winter road across the Lena River will open in early December. Then a commission from Yakutsk, director of the Institute of Agriculture and specialists of the cattle stock breeding laboratory will leave here. Scientists will look for strong men in the village to help lend a valuable specimen. Biochemical analyzes to make a complete picture will also be taken from Dad Mayҕatta, his mom and sisters.
"During the Soviet era, many experiments were conducted, even zibu cattle were crossed with kholmogors, with simmentals. These two breeds were zoned - kholmogory and simmental. At one time the forest bison was even crossed with a simmental to be frost-resistant, there are such experiments. And now began to deliver Kalmyk beef cattle, Altaic, many who are imported. I think that this goby is a simmental, but there is an infusion of blood of Yakut cattle, anything can be.
We will take biochemistry, blood and wool samples for analysis and look at genetic identification. This may be of practical importance for the livestock of Yakutia and generally cold regions. Keeping livestock in hoton is an expensive event, because of this we have a high cost of livestock. 220-240 days wintering lasts, it is about 8 months, it is a lot of energy. There are areas of Yakutia, where early snow falls, and in September they are forced to drive cattle ", - shared the director of the FGBIU YANIISH them. M.G. Safronova Aial Stepanov.
In the forest, a single ox can be threatened by wolves. But MayaҕAtta, although he preferred independence, prudently keeps close to housing. And the owners, despite the repeated protest, still continue to feed him, pile hay at the khoton. Sometimes the hermit comes to sleep outside the hayloft. And the other day, the goby first looked into the barn when he thought that no one saw him. But he did not dare to go in.
From the history of the Yakut cattle breeding culture in the harsh conditions of the Far North. Archive photo:
Sakha-merchant in the annexed from Yakutia Okhotsk.
Kayur Pavlov on the working bull, p / s Omoloy, summer 1935, Bulunsky ulus. From the archive of V. Glukhov.