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Yakutia will not disappoint
The real boom of the Internet in the republic is yet to come
As the Minister of Information Technologies and Communications of Yakutia, Alexander Borisov, calculated, today the share of communications and IT companies in the gross regional product of Yakutia is about 2% or 9-10 billion rubles. - this is from the total GRP of 530 billion rubles. “This is the result of the rapid development of cellular companies over the past few years. In 2013, the volume of investments of the Troika operators in Yakutia amounted to about 3,24 billion rubles, ”he said in early December in Yakutsk, telling reporters about current and planned infrastructure construction projects. Without them, it would have been impossible to improve communication services, the experience of the leading players in the telecommunications market in Yakutia shows.
“Prices have dropped 15 times”
At the end of 2013 with its own cable, OJSC Rostelecom came to the capital of the republic by launching a line with an capacity of 80 Gbps (with the possibility of extending the bandwidth in the future to 3,2 Tbit / s). The construction was carried out within the framework of the agreement on mutual provision of infrastructure with JSC FGC UES. The matter is that own fiber-optic channels are also available for power engineers - technological lines and process monitoring are carried out on these fiber-optic lines laid over transmission lines ground wires. The optical cable provides reliable information exchange between the substations of MES East and the regional divisions of the dispatcher's office of the System Operator of the Unified Energy System and the network control centers of FGC.
As part of the agreement with Rostelecom, the network company provided the telecommunications operator with optical fibers in the Tynda-Maya segment with a total length of 939 km. The total length of the new fiber optic link including 117 km of communication lines built by Rostelecom to the intermediate settlements is 1056 km. Investment operator - 264,7 million rubles. Within a few months, Rostelecom also brought maximum speeds at unlimited tariffs to 100 Mbps.
In 2014, the planned expansion of the radio relay channel in the Yakutsk-Mirny-Lensk section and the construction of the fiber optic link along the Yakutsk-Maya-Churapcha route was conducted. The projects have significantly improved the quality of Internet access in the settlements of Berdigests, Vilyuysk, Verkhnevilyuysk, Nyurba, Suntar, Mirny and Churapcha.
The head of the Far Eastern macro-regional branch of Rostelecom, Alexander Beleichev, notes that the arrival of fiber in the region always entails a reduction in tariffs. As Alexander Borisov noted when giving an interview to Yakutsk Evening in early May - still as deputy chairman of the government of Yakutia, “it’s hard to believe that in 2010 a megabit cost 3,9 thousand per second, today in Yakutsk the conditional megabit is worth 245 -250 rubles ", so prices have decreased by 15 times.
"One of the most rocking regions"
New FOCLs are the basis both for improving the current communication situation and for penetrating new communication standards. In mid-December, in addition to the already existing FOCL of Rostelecom and TTK in Yakutsk, the MegaFon trunk cable will be carried out. In autumn, the operator launched the LTE network (the "fourth generation" standard, 4G) in Yakutsk, and plans to promote 4G communication in small settlements. As the director of Far East branch of OJSC "Megafon" Andrey Levykin admitted, Yakutia is "one of the most pumping traffic" of the Far East regions. He noted that already today more than 100 models of smartphones support LTE communication standard, and for Yakutia as a whole is characterized by a very wide penetration of "smart devices". Currently, the network of "Megaphone" (of all standards) is available to more than 80% of the population of the republic.
The strategy of VimpelCom (Beeline trademark) for the development of the transport network in Yakutia involves the conclusion of long-term lease agreements with long-distance operators, VimpelCom OJSC explained in the press service of the Far Eastern region. This allows you to quickly increase the capacity of high-speed channels, provides quick payback, allows you to more effectively use the funds to develop mobile networks and quickly expand the network to meet the needs of the client. The positive side of such a strategy is high reliability, as client traffic is routed through independent FOCL of different operators, Vimpelcom believes.
The need for a significant expansion of the channel is and is associated with the active growth of the subscriber base and data traffic. Over the past two years, the number of Beeline subscribers in Yakutia has tripled, and Internet traffic has grown fivefold. "Its role in this has been played by the increase in user-accessible speeds as a result of the modernization of the 3G network. This year the network in Yakutsk has been switched to DC-HSPA + technology, providing a peak speed of up to 42 Mbit / s, "the operator's representatives explained.
Today, "Beeline" is the only communication operator in more than 200 villages of the republic. In general, VimpelCom is rendering its services at 97% of the populated territory of the Republic, providing a signal for 442 communication in the settlements of Yakutia. The population of Yakutia at 2014 year is 954,8 thousand people, in cities 81% live, in rural areas 19%.
"For two or three years to build 2,5 thousand. FOCL"
In the coming years, Yakutia can double the length of fiber optic networks. Let's remind, while their total length (taking into account FOCL Rostelecom and TTK) is over 2 thousand kilometers. Introducing the new Minister of Communications of the State Assembly of Yakutia in October, the head of the republic Yegor Borisov noted that in Yakutia there is a high need for the development of communication, improving its quality in remote areas. Therefore, it is necessary to continue cooperation with the federal center and economic entities of the industry. The head of Yakutia said that the republic has an intention "in two or three years" together with large communication companies on the territory of the republic to build over 2,5 thousand km of optical fiber with coverage of 200 settlements, where more than half of the region's population lives.
A similar construction was presented at the beginning of the year by Compulink. "The project is divided into two parts: Yakutsk - Ust-Nera and Ust-Nera - Magadan. Through the territory of the Magadan Region, the line will pass through the regional centers of Susuman, Yagodnoye, Ust-Omchug and Kolyma HPP. For the cable laying, it is planned to use the supports of the existing transmission lines, "Yuriy Vanin, General Director of Compulink Infrastructure, is quoted as saying in a statement. The developer of the project plans to interest them the leading communication companies, not excluding the participation of the state. The press service of the company did not comment on the current state of the project.
At a recent meeting of the head of the Ministry of Communications of the republic, Alexander Borisov, with the head of Rostelecom, Sergei Kalugin, the implementation of the already mentioned project on the use of the electric power infrastructure for laying the Aldan-Olekminsk-Lensk-Mirny fiber-optic line was discussed. However, as the minister said earlier, it is necessary to ensure equal access to infrastructure for all operators. “We agreed (with power engineers - author annotation) - decide how much resource you need, and give the rest to us. So that not one operator subleases the channel to the rest, and we distributed a pair of optical fibers to each operator - cellular companies and Rostelecom, ”said Mr. Borisov.
As specified in the government of the republic, the construction of power lines by power engineers will be completed before the end of 2014 year.
Large-scale power grid construction in the republic contributes to these processes, thanks to which isolated energy districts - Western and Central - will soon be integrated into the United Energy System of the East. Last year, the authorities of Yakutia created a working group to develop coordinated proposals for the integration of infrastructure facilities of the electric power industry and main communication lines. As a result, a memorandum of cooperation was signed between the Government of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), the Ministry of Communications, the Ministry of Energy, the Ministry of Eastern and Eastern Development, JSC FGC UES, JSC DVEUK, JSC Rostelecom, CJSC TransTeleCom and the operators of the Big Three, report in DVWC.
"Yamal" to the whole of Yakutia
OAO Gazprom Space Systems is a subsidiary of OAO Gazprom. The company has created, operates and develops Yamal satellite communication and broadcasting system with four satellites (Yamal-201, Yamal-202, Yamal-300K, Yamal-402), ground control complex, developed ground Telecommunications infrastructure (teleports, digital satellite television center, a large network of earth stations in Russia's regions) and is now an international operator representing the capacity of Yamal satellites not only in Russia but also in a significant part of the Eastern Hemisphere.