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WorldSkills showed the Far East the future
The final of professional skills competitions on Sakhalin opened discussion on personnel prospects
8-12 August in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk was the final of the VI national championship "Young Professionals of Russia" according to WorldSkills standards. Within the limits of the business program of the championship, the expert community tried to find out what future the working profession expects in the conditions of the "digital economy", including in the Far East - in a region traditionally experiencing a deficit of high-quality specialists. EastRussia watched how the WorldSkills standards gently but surely win a place next to the state educational standards, as WorldSkills helps to comply with the decrees of the Russian president and where employers are investors in the Far East.
Already now, many of the competencies in which WorldSkills participants compete are based on "skills of the future" - for example, the ability to program, creating "digital twins", or elements of mobile robotics. “In 2021, we will show a large number of competencies related to the digital economy,” says Robert Urazov, General Director of the Young Professionals Union (WorldSkills Russia). “Machine learning, blockchain and much of what we now consider exotic things. become necessary for the professional activity of a huge number of people. These are the massive competencies of the future, and it is already coming. "
All "professions of the future" have a concrete application in the present, emphasizes the governor of the Novgorod region, Andrei Nikitin. "More than 1100 birchbark certificates have been found in Veliky Novgorod, now we have digitized all of them and put them on the network, they can be processed using the bigdata methods." This provides such scientific discoveries that could not be done simply by studying the certificates in the places of storage, "he cites. We have a lot of old churches in the region, which can be restored, first creating for them "digital twins". "
During the final of the championship in Sakhalin, WorldSkills and the Novgorod region, Andrey Nikitin recalls, signed an agreement on the creation of the first in Russia advanced training center (PIC) - a site-aggregator and resource operator of the region for career guidance, accelerated training, training and retraining of the most popular and prospective professions at the level corresponding to WorldSkills standards. A similar agreement was signed with WorldSkills and the authorities of the Sakhalin Oblast - the same OCP will be created on the island. "We know for sure that there will not be a single square meter in this center where students are not taught anything, even if it's a cafe." If this is a museum, it will be VR technologies, and so on, "says the Governor of the Novgorod Region .
The development of "professions of the future" is also facilitated by the cooperation of WorldSkills Russia with world industry leaders. At the national final, an agreement was signed with Samsung Electronics, a leading global company in the field of IT and innovation: Samsung will take over the training of competitors from Russia on the basis of its research center in Suwon (South Korea), WorldSkills Russia - will take over the translation of the company's best practices into the system education in the country. The participants of the 1,5-year internship were determined in May of this year: experts from Korea selected the competencies "CAD Engineering Design" and "Manufacturing of Products from Polymer Materials" among the participants of the expanded composition of the Russian WorldSkills team. WorldSkills Russia already has a successful experience of cooperation with Samsung - the company taught Russians for free before the WorldSkills World Championship in Abu Dhabi, reminds Robert Urazov.
At the same time, WorldSkills has applied tasks in the very near future. "The most important thing now is to stimulate all the tools to increase labor productivity, because starting next year, in accordance with the instructions of the head of state, we need to gain 5% per year, and this is a task on the verge of a possible," recalls the deputy head of Rostrud Denis Vasilyev. The rector of the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) Nikita Anisimov believes that the WorldSkills system "is winning the right to actually be a regulator of secondary vocational education" - instead of the Ministry of Education and Science.
"There is one explanation for this: the time has come when it is necessary to prepare mechanisms for mass secondary vocational education, only then will labor productivity increase.Now, there are only seven experimental colleges in the country where they are trying to do this, and WorldSkills does exactly that," explains the rector FEFU. "In a year's time, there will be a landmark event - the WorldSkills World Championship final in Kazan.If this mechanism is not prepared for mass secondary vocational education, this championship will be partly spent in vain. Go to Sochi and see the state of the infrastructure prepared for the last Olympics Only the one on which it was thought out what will happen to it after the Olympics is working now, "he said.
A special need for qualified world-class personnel for new industries is in the Far East, where large-scale construction of enterprises has been launched within the framework of preferential treatment for investors - territories of advanced development (TOP) and the free port of Vladivostok. Director General of the Agency for the Development of Human Capital in the Far East (ARCHK) Sergey Khovrat recalls that one of the agency's main tasks is to provide the residents of the TOP and the free port with personnel.
"We conduct a search and selection of specialists, place and maintain vacancies, conduct sociological studies and train management of companies in seminars." Since 2015, with the assistance of the agency, 11 thousand people have been employed, 20 thousand vacancies are located in our database, "says Sergey Khovrat. In the plans of companies-investors - the creation in the Far East for 2025 year 120 thousand new jobs. Of these, about 104 thousand highly skilled specialists, as demonstrated by the study of the personnel requirements of future enterprises, conducted this spring, is yet to be found.
"Nearly 30 thousand specialists are needed in Primorsky Krai, about 19 thousand - in Yakutia, and most new jobs will be created in nine key industries: oil and gas production and processing, mining, transport, logistics, construction, tourism, engineering, fishing , to agriculture, to 40% of these specialists, employers do not make demands on the availability of work experience.67% are specialists with secondary vocational education, "the Head of the ARCHC specifies.
According to sociology, Far Eastern student youth is not sure that she will be able to find jobs in the specialty after graduation: this is the opinion of 67% of students in secondary special schools and 71% of university students. On the other hand, only 59% of employers in the Far East "are ready to characterize the activities of educational institutions as sufficient to train the required specialists."
"What to do and what are we doing now? To improve the quality of education, in accordance with the instructions of the President of Russia, a program for training personnel for key sectors of the economy of the Far East has been developed. Its emphasis is: analysis of personnel needs, setting admission targets, organizing the process of targeted training, strengthening -technical base, opening 12 specialized structural divisions of leading Russian universities in the Far East. The task is to increase the number of graduates who will stay to work in the Far East to 70%, "says Sergey Khovrat.
For the ARCHK, the creation of mechanisms for targeted education will be the main one. "We need to make sure that the bunch" employer - educational institution - region "began to work in the Far East." There are already quite successful practices: training specialists for the shipbuilding plant Zvezda in Primorsky Krai, cooperation between SIBUR and educational institutions of the Amur Region. in 2017-2018 years, in the interests of residents of the TOP and the free port, 24 opened new specialties, "said Sergei Khovrat.
Meanwhile, in 2017, an experiment was launched in Russia to introduce a demonstration exam according to WorldSkills standards into the state final certification system - so far the only independent assessment of personnel training in the country. During the exam, students are invited to complete tasks developed by WorldSkills experts on the basis of competitive tasks of the international movement championships. As part of the business program of the WorldSkills Russia final in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, the Higher School of Economics presented an analysis of the results of the demonstration exam.
According to Fyodor Dudyrev, director of the Center for the Study of Secondary Vocational Education at the HSE Institute of Education, a demonstration exam in accordance with WorldSkills standards in 84 competencies was held in 58 regions, and more than 30 thousand people took part in it. In the Far East, where the problem of a shortage of qualified specialists is especially acute, "it is the demand for personnel from large industries and investment projects that should stimulate the spread of the practice of conducting demonstration exams," says Yulia Hanzhin.
"In the Far East, the Khabarovsk Territory is a priority for increasing the number of participants and expanding the number of competencies for the WorldSkills Demo Examination. It is now important for other actors to explore how the Khabarovsk Territory is moving: to take their best practices and begin to participate more actively in the demonstration exam ", she believes.