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How did the increase in the cost of education affect the number of students in the universities of the Far East
Fears about the decline in demand for studies in higher educational institutions of the Far East, following the double increase in the cost of training, approved by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation this year, are not justified. There is no direct correlation between these indicators, - the universities of the region say. This is due, first, to the policy of discounts on training conducted by universities, which level out the "federal" price factor, as well as the different popularity of specialties. How and by what specialties the cost of training has increased, how its growth affected the number of students, and what specialties have become the most popular in the educational institutions of the Far East this year - found out EastRussia.
In the same year in 2017 compared to 2016, the number of full-time students dropped by the Komsomolsk-on-Amur State University (KNAGU) on an extrabudgetary basis decreased. At the same time, the cost of training bachelors and masters grew from 85-100 thousand rubles to 211,24-301,23 thousand rubles, respectively.
- Students who are in need of social assistance or excellent students can get a discount from 33 to 44% depending on the full cost of teaching educational programs, - said Igor Makurin, First Vice-Rector of the KnAGU.
The most popular specialties among the applicants were “Samoleto and Helicopter Building”, “Construction”, “Thermal Power Engineering and Thermal Engineering”, “Electric Power Engineering and Electrical Engineering”, “Management in Technical Systems” and the demand for “Law” significantly decreased. “In the absence of budgetary places, the main reason for the drop in demand is due to the rising cost of education,” notes Igor Valerievich.
On the contrary - "Jurisprudence", like "Economics and Finance", "Stomatology" and other specialties, which are paid for, were in demand in Yakutsk. The increase in the cost of training did not affect the number of entrants to the North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov (NEFU), which is connected with the discount system adopted in this educational institution.
- If last year the reduction in payment for incoming applicants was according to the average scores of the Unified State Examination, then this year we took into account the overall competitive score - we received a discount from those who have 170 points or more. For example, the cost of training for the semester in the popular jurisprudence direction of the NEFU Faculty of Law was 215 thousand rubles (previously no more than 130 thousand rubles before), and taking into account the 58% discount, the first year student will pay 91 thousand rubles, - told EastRussia Valentin Maximov, head of the commercial department of planning and financial management of NEFU.
He noted that the reduction in cost is also related to prepayment for education. "If a paying student contributes a year in advance, then he gets a discount of 5%, for two or more years - 10%. This applies to commercial students of senior courses. A separate cost system has been developed for state or municipal employees wishing to enter residency and postgraduate studies ".
In addition, students who passed the summer session for good grades can count on a discount when paying for further education, and applicants entering commercial places with the sum of USE scores in three subjects from 170 and above can also claim a reduced cost. Thus, for one academic year for a bachelor's or specialist's program, the amount of payment with a discount varies depending on the field of study from 91 thousand to 158 thousand rubles. Also, the university has developed Position on the procedure for reducing the cost of training, which includes special items for the disabled, orphans and minors who have been left without parental care.
At the same time, the absence of discounts and changes in the cost of training in 2017 did not significantly affect the number of entrants to the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) in Vladivostok. A flexible, client-oriented system that allows you to choose a comfortable payment schedule, has become an alternative to discounts in this educational institution.
In addition, each student enrolled under the contract may, after the second semester, take the opportunity to transfer from a paid place to a budget one, the FARU press service told EastRussia. To do this, you need to study “good” and “excellent” for two semesters in a row. From this point on, they not only stop paying tuition fees, but can also qualify for all types of scholarships that exist at the university. Every year, FEFU transfers to the budget of more than 300 students.
Applicants in 2017 relied on training programs that meet the development priorities of the university: "International Relations", "Regional Studies", "Oriental Studies", biomedical specialties - "Biomedical Physics", "Biomedical Chemistry", "Pharmacy", related to the development and study of resources World Ocean. The competition for the most popular bachelor's programs reached 25-30 people per one budget place, and on average in the university exceeded 8 people per place. There was no significant decrease in demand for certain programs, so the 2017 competition remains at the level of previous years.
Despite the increase in the cost of education, the geography of those entering these universities is not only not diminished, but even vice versa. For example, the 2017 admissions campaign at the Far Eastern Federal University broke records twice. For the first time - at the stage of receiving documents, when applicants from 80 subjects of the Russian Federation submitted applications to the university (the last record was set in 2015 year - 76 regions), and the second time when students from 66 regions were accepted (in 2016 year - 63 ) Russia.