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Russia will participate in the revival of the Great Silk Road - the initiative of China
Russian railways and the Northern Sea Route can contribute to China's initiative to revive the Great Silk Road. Russia is ready to take over the commodity flows from the APR countries to Europe within the framework of this project.
The very project of the Silk Road implies a combination of eastern, southern, central and western Asia with various types of economic cooperation and transport routes from East to West. It implies the formation of a single market space, stretching from Europe to Asia.
Last year, President of the Republic of Korea Park Geun-hye proposed the creation of the Silk Road Express, which would connect South and North Korea, China, Russia, Central Asia and Europe. The President of South Korea proposed to unite energy infrastructures, create a single system of gas and oil pipelines, this will ensure their uninterrupted operation.
On the Russian side, the project to revive the Silk Road is supported by the Minister for the Development of the Far East, Alexander Galushka.
Economically beneficial for the revitalization of the Silk Road will be the support of the APR countries by Russia's projects to expand transport flows - the reconstruction of the Trans-Siberian and Baikal-Amur Mainlines, the minister believes. To this end, the Russian government has already allocated $ 18 billion. In addition, work is underway to connect the Trans-Korean Railway and the Trans-Siberian Railway. The bridge "Nizhneleninskoe-Tongjiang" (EAO) was built and built across the Amur River, new airports and bridges are being reconstructed and built.
The key link of the future Silk Road is the bridge transition in the Jewish Autonomy to China. The construction of the railway bridge, a long 2,2 km, began in the beginning of the spring of this year. It will be created on the principle of public-private partnership. Of the entire length of the bridge, Russia will lay only 309 meters, for these purposes will be spent about 9 billion rubles.
Construction will be completed in 2016 year. Through this bridge it is planned to transport iron ore, timber products, mineral fertilizers, coal and other industrial goods.
In order to open a wider path to the bridge, the Birobidzhan-Leninsk railway section will be reconstructed. Work to expand the carrying capacity of the line will begin in 2015 and end in 2017. 8,3 billion rubles will be invested in the project. Now the preparation of design estimates is underway. This is necessary in order to ensure export supplies to China from the Kimkano-Sutar mining and processing plant under construction in the Jewish Autonomous Region. The GOK will produce 8,3 million tonnes of ore concentrate. In the first year of its operation, it is planned to produce 2 million tons of concentrate, in the second - 3,6 million tons. 3,1 million tons will be shipped to Tongjiang.
Experts are confident in the benefits of the project for Russia. “Considering that the“ new ”Great Silk Road according to the plan will pass through the territory of Russia, our country will play the main role in its creation. Most likely, a significant proportion of funding will be made at the expense of the budget of the Russian Federation, which also means one of the main roles of our country in this project. However, it is worth noting that the financing scheme and the distribution of shares among the project participants is the main stumbling block, ”said analyst Investkafe Roman Grinchenko.
The expert expects that such a project will significantly improve the economic condition of the regions through which the route of this project will pass. In particular, as a result of a significant increase in freight traffic, the level of infrastructure will increase and a significant number of new jobs will be created related to servicing transit flows, which will increase revenue to the budget.
The Great Silk Road is the most important project for China, because through Central Asia, and possibly through part of the Russian territory, it is most convenient for them to get to Europe. And China is doing a lot for its implementation, says Elena Kuzmina, head of the economic development of the post-Soviet countries of the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
“Partial participation in these projects makes it possible to develop not only the Russian Far East, but also the Siberian regions of Russia. Among Russian goods that can go along the Silk Road to Asia or to Europe there may be various types of industrial goods, a certain part of the resource base, including liquefied gas, as well as cereals - for example, wheat, which is in demand in China and Central Asia - told E.Russia.ru E. Kuzmina. “From my point of view, Russia should participate in these projects, if only based on the fact that it can create a part of the way on its territory, which means create new jobs, and make it possible to attract investment in the Far East and Siberia.”
“So everything will depend on what the contracts will be. If we look at the countries of Central Asia in which such projects are taking place, then Chinese companies are investing in transport infrastructure. But Russia is far from the countries of Central Asia, Russia is a large economy. For example, the contract for the connection of the Trans-Siberian Railway with the Korean highway is quite a profitable project, because here we are talking about connections with North and South Korea, - E. Kuzmina is sure. - If we talk about the reconstruction of BAM and Transsib, this will certainly help Russia to take part in the Silk Road, but, first of all, it is about restoring life along all these roads, because for us the biggest problem is that Russia has no territorial equilibrium. Linking domestic Russian development issues with the global project of the Silk Road gives impetus to the development of Russian territories. ”
"On the basis of the railway and the Trinity Bay, you can organize a transport hub. This is of interest for Russia, North Korea and South Korea. In this area, it is possible to organize a container flow between the northeastern provinces of China and Russia. Koreans are also interested in supplying electricity, "Melamed told EastRussia.ru.
In addition to land transport lines, the Ministry of Eastern Development proposes to use the Northern Sea Route to deliver goods from Asia and to Europe and back. A. Galushka noted: "For example, the cost of delivering cargo from Shanghai to Rotterdam is on average reduced by 25% compared to the route through the Suez Canal."